The Absurdity of Atheism

  • Errol E. Harris
Part of the Archives Internationales D’Histoire des Idees International Archives of the History of Ideas book series (ARCH, volume 59)


There is perhaps no great philosopher who presents us, with as much confidence and assurance as Spinoza does, with what have appeared to many commentators, and must appear at first sight to most students, as stark contradictions. Yet they are all deduced with rigorous logic from first principles that Spinoza lays down as indubitable and which a critic would be hard put to controvert with any degree of plausibility. One’s first reaction on confronting these apparent conflicts is the conviction that something has gone wrong at some obscure point in the course of the reasoning, but closer examination and more careful consideration of Spinoza’s system and his explicit statements will, I believe, show that he remains consistent throughout, at least in most important respects, and that the conflicts in his doctrine are apparent only.


Infinite Attribute Logical Necessity Divine Nature Phenomenal Nature Rigorous Logic 
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  1. 19.
    Cf. J. N. Findlay, “Can God’s Existence be Disproved,” in New Essays in Philosophical Theology, Ed. Anthony Flew (London, 1955).Google Scholar
  2. 20.
    Cf. J. J. C. Smart, “The Existence of God” in op. cit, p. 40; and my Hypothesis and Perception, (London, 1970 ), p. 340.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Errol E. Harris
    • 1
  1. 1.Northwestern UniversityUSA

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