No King But Jesus:

The Rise of the Fifth Monarchy Movement
Part of the International Archives of the History of Ideas / Archives Internationales d’Histoire des Idees book series (ARCH, volume 61)


The political events in the critical months of late 1648 and early 1649 were by nature the most revolutionary in the twenty years of the English Revolution. In spite of the armed conflicts between the King and Parliament, the Civil War did not change the basic constitutional structure of the nation. It is true that the Long Parliament had taken up arms against the Crown, but the monarchy itself was not challenged. Charles I was still recognized as the king of the three kingdoms de jure, if not de facto. The Solemn League and Covenant of 1643, if it can be considered as the declaration of the war aims of the rebellious parties in both Scotland and England, had professed ”to preserve and defend the King’s Majesty’s person and authority... [with] no thoughts or intentions to diminish his Majesty’s just power and greatness.“ 1 Moreover, the Parliament had always regarded itself as the highest legislative authority in the nation, and its privileges and liberties were jealously guarded. However, with the purge of the Long Parliament late in 1648 and the destruction of the Stuart monarchy early in the following year, the constitutional continuity which had existed throughout the years of the Civil War, tenuous as it might be, was broken.


Armed Conflict Church Leader Religious Struggle Army Officer Original Letter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Stephen Foster, “The Presbyterian Independents Exorcized. A Ghost Story for Historians,” Past and Present, 44 (1969), 52–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dell, Right Reformation (London, 1646)Google Scholar
  3. Thomas E. Ellis John H. Davies, eds., Gweithiau Morgan Llwyd o Wynedd (Bangor, 1899, and 1908), I, 55–56Google Scholar
  4. John Owen, The Shaking and Translating of Heaven and Earth (London, 1649).Google Scholar
  5. C. H. Firth, “Memoir of Major-General Thomas Harrison,” Proceedings of American Antiquarian Society, new series, 86 (1892–1893), pp. 405–406.Google Scholar
  6. Thomas Richards, A History of the Puritan Movement in Wales (London, 1920), pp. 79–89.Google Scholar
  7. Ellis and Davies, eds., Gweithiau Morgan Llwyd o Wyneld, II, lIX; Christopher Feake, A Beam of Light (London, 1659), p. 38Google Scholar
  8. C. H. Firth, Cromwell’s Army (London, 1962 ), 9. 325 n. 4.Google Scholar
  9. Geoffrey F. Nuttall, The Welsh Saints 1640–1660 (Cardiff, 1957), p.23.Google Scholar
  10. L.F. Brown, The Political Activities of the Baptist and Fifth Monarchy Men (New York, 1965), p.20.Google Scholar
  11. Joseph Mayer, ed., “Inedited letters of Cromwell, Colonel Jones, BradShaw, and other Regicides,” Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, new series, I (1861), 215.Google Scholar
  12. Wilbur C. Abbott, ed., The Writings and Speeches of Olover Cromwell (Cambridge, Mass., 1937–1947), II, 463.Google Scholar
  13. C.H. Firth, “Cromwell and the Expulsion of the Long Parliament,” English History, VII (1917), 129–206.Google Scholar
  14. State Papers of John Thurloe, ed. By T. Birch (London, 1742), IV, 373–374.Google Scholar
  15. John Spittlehouse, A Warning-piece Discharged (London, 1653), p. 15.Google Scholar
  16. L.D. [i. e.,Samuel Highland], An Exact Relation of the Proceedings and Transactions of the Late Parliament (n. p., 1654), p.2.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tai Liu

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations