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After his capitulation to the Emperor in 1701, Lothar Franz continued to rule at Mainz and Bamberg for nearly three decades. These decades embraced what were in certain respects the most glorious years of his reign. From 1702 to 1715 he was a loyal if sometimes difficult supporter of the cause of Kaiser and Reich in the war against France. In March, 1702 the Elector presided over the creation of the Association of Nördlingen, which placed an army at the disposal of the Allied cause. Lothar Franz, in that same year, urged the Estates of the Empire to join the Emperor and the Maritime Powers in the war against France. The following year, Lothar Franz felt his states to be menaced by France and his religion to be menaced by the prospect of Prussian annexation of the lands of Ansbach-Bayreuth. The military successes of Marlborough and Prince Eugene removed the former menace (1704); the diplomatic activities of Lothar Franz kept the Prussians out of Franconia. The Prussians, who did not obtain the reversionary right to Ansbach-Bayreuth until 1779, found the Elector a formidable opponent; the great duo of warlords found him an uncomfortable ally, who made difficulties over the movement of troops and supplies through his territories.
KeywordsAustrian Emperor Privy Councillor Grand Duchy Catholic State Diplomatic Activity
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- 2.For John Philip and von Spee in the 17th century and for the 1749 case involving the Wurzburg Premonstratensian nun, Maria Renata Singer, cf. F. Merzbacher, Die Hexenprozesse in Franken, 2nd ed., Munich: C. H. Beck, 1970, pp. 48 ff.Google Scholar