Fray Luis De Leon and the Concern with Language
At Paris, Padua, Bologna, and Naples the Hermits of Saint Augustine had been since the second half of the thirteenth century constantly involved in the intellectual life of the medieval universities. In September 1377 they arrived in Salamanca to open a center of studies attached to the University where Dominicans and Franciscans held unchallenged control over the teaching of Theology. The active participation of the Augustinians in the academic life of the University, however, was delayed for over a century by the obscurantism of a monastic reform from Salamanca which spread to all the monasteries of the Order in Castile and Aragón, and which by 1504 finally achieved a unity under the strict observance of a new rule. Soon thereafter the Augustinians returned to the University, and in 1510 a member of the Order, Fray Alfonso de Córdoba, had the dubious privilege of introducing into Salamanca the teaching of nominalist logic ad modum Parisiense. The decisive step toward full participation of the Spanish Augustinians in the intellectual life of Spain was taken in 1541 at the Chapter of Dueñas by the General of the Order Girolano Seripando, a typical man of the Counter-Reformation and a Papal Legate at Trent from 1545 to 1552. The Convent of Saint Augustine in Salamanca was chosen by the Order to provide the courses of Philosophy to all the friars of the Spanish Provinces.
KeywordsSixteenth Century Religious Order Literal Sense Teenth Century Biblical Text
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