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Deliberation is a form of reasoning aimed at action rather than truth. We want to know what to do in some situation or other, and if our deliberation is successful, we become committed to a plan, policy or course of action. Although groups as well as individuals may engage in deliberation, I shall be concerned here only with the deliberation of individual people. My remarks in the last chapter indicate a basic line I shall take in dealing with the subject, but I shall begin by considering Aristotle’s view. Not only was he the first important philosopher to discuss the subject in any detail, but his conclusions are still highly influential. After examining the main points of his view, I shall move on to consider some recent discussions of the subject; then, toward the end of the chapter, I shall develop further details of my own view.
KeywordsPractical Reasoning Orange Juice Practical Conclusion Practical Question Bayesian Decision Theory
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