Jets from Young Stars and Compact Objects Environments
Several classes of cosmic objects, such as Young Stellar Objects, Active Galactic Nuclei, Micro-Quasars, Pulsars and probably Gamma Ray Bursts, display powerful winds and jets; for some of them the flow is even ultrarelativistic. For all these classes of objects, the magnetic field is supposed to play a major role in launching and collimating the flow, together with the angular momentum transfer. It probably plays an important role for the turbulent transport in accretion disks also. Regarding the high energy radiation of relativistic jets and the cosmic ray generation, the magnetic field is of course the acceleration agent and could produce the Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays in some extragalactic objects. The main growth points of these topics are presented, mostly in the case of black hole environments; the case of Young Stellar Objects is more complicated because of the interaction of the stellar magnetosphere with the accretion disk, and the models for this interaction are not yet founded on a reliable theory.
KeywordsBlack Hole Accretion Disk Magnetic Surface Young Star Open Field Line
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