Kinetic Models of Solar and Polar Winds

  • Joseph Lemaire
  • Viviane Pierrard
Conference paper


The study of the solar corona has been strewn with great discoveries, surprises and controversies. The major steps since (1953) and (1957) early hydrostatic models of the extended corona, until the most recent generations of kinetic models of the coronal expansion and of the supersonic solar wind flows, are presented. These models are compared to in-situ observations. Progress in polar wind models went through a somewhat similar evolution that is outlined also. The advantages and limitations of the successive brands of solar wind and polar wind models are considered.


Solar Wind Coronal Hole Solar Corona Speed Solar Wind Bulk Velocity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Lemaire
    • 1
  • Viviane Pierrard
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut d’Aéronomie Spatiale de BelgiqueBrusselsBelgium

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