Advertisement

A Critical Review of Sun-Space Physics

  • E. N. Parker
Conference paper

Abstract

The Sun and the heliosphere form a single dynamical system, driven by the convection in the Sun and the magnetic fields generated by that convection. The magnetic fields are the primary channel for producing the high temperatures and high velocities that extend outward to form the heliosphere. The essential point is that, while the general picture seems to be reasonable, several important steps in the process are not understood, and several concepts commonly employed in explanation are false physics. These scientific gaps should not be forgotten in the rush to pursue new and exotic discoveries.

Keywords

Solar Wind Solar Phys Coronal Hole Convective Zone Flux Rope 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akasofu, S.I.: 1966, Space Sci. Rev. 6, 21.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akasofu, S.I.: 1981, Space Sci. Rev. 28, 121.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Akasofu, S.I. and Chapman, S.: 1972, Solar Terrestrial Physics, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 8.7.2–8.9.Google Scholar
  4. Alfven, H. and Carlquist, P.: 1967, Solar Phys. 1, 220.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bahcall, J.N.: 1964, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 300.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bahcall, J.N.: 1999, Current Science 77, 1487.ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Bahcall, J.N., Calaprice, F., McDonald, A.M. and Totsuka, Y.: 1996, Physics Today, July, pp. 30.Google Scholar
  8. Bahcall, J.N. and Francis, H.: 1996, Physics World, September, p. 41.Google Scholar
  9. Bahcall, J.N. and Pinsonneault, M.H.: 1995, Rev, Mod. Phys. 67, 781.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bahcall, J.N., Pinsonneault, M.H., Basu, S. and Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.: 1997, Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 171.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Baliunas, S.L. et al.: 1995, Astrophys. J. 438, 269.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Baumjohann, W. and Haerendel, G.H.: 1990, in: C.T. Russell, E.R. Priest and L.C. Lee (eds.), Physics of Magnetic Flux Ropes, Geophysical Monograph 58, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., pp. 627–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Belcher, J.W. and Davis, L.: 1971, J. Geophys. Res. 76, 3534.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Burlaga, L.F.: 1968, Solar Phys. 4, 67.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Burlaga, L.F.: 1969, Solar Phys. 7, 57.ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Burlaga, L.F. and Ness, N.F.: 1968, Canadian J. Phys. 46, 59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Burlaga, L.F. and Ness, N.F.: 1969, Solar Phys. 9, 467.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Burlaga, L.F., Interplanetary Magnetohydrodynamics, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Caligari, P., Moreno-Insertis, F. and Schussler, M.: 1995, Astrophys. J. 441, 896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Choudhuri, A.R.: 1993, Solar Phys. 123, 217.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Choudhuri, A.R. and Gilman, P.A.: 1987, Astrophys. J. 316, 788.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Davis, R.: 1964, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 303.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. DeKeyser, J. and Roth, M. 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 6653.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Dessler, A.J. and Parker, E.N.: 1959, J. Geophys. Res. 64, 2239.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dessler, A.J. and Parker, E.N.: 1968, J. Geophys. Res. 73, 3091.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. D’Silva, S. and Choudhuri, A.R.: 1993, Astron Astrophys. 272, 621.ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Eddy, J.A.: 1973, Climate Change 1, 173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Eddy, J.A.: 1983, in: B.M. McCormac (ed.), Weather and Climate Response, Associated University Press, Boulder, Colorado, p. 1.Google Scholar
  29. Eviatar, A. and Wolf, R.A.: 1968, J. Geophys. Res. 73, 5562.ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Fan, Y., Fisher, G.H. and DeLuca, E.E.: 1993, Astrophys. J. 405, 390.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Fan, Y., Fisher, G.H. and McClymont, A.N.: 1994, Astrophys. J. 436, 907.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fisk, L.A., Koslovsky, B. and Ramaty, R.: 1974, Astrophys. J. Lett. 190, L35.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Foujal, P. and Lean, J. 1988, Astrophys. J. 328, 347.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Gaizauskas, V., Harvey, K.L., Harvey, J.W. and Zwaan, C.: 1983, Astrophys. J. 265, 1056.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Garcia-Munoz, M., Mason, G.M. and Simpson, J.A.: 1973, Astrophys. J. Lett. 182, L81.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Golub, L. and Vaiana, G.S.: 1980, Astrophys. J. Lett. 235, L119.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Jokipii, J.R.: 1986, J. Geophys. Res. 91, 2929.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lockwood, M., Stamper, R. and Wild, M.N.: 1999, Nature 399, 437.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Martin, S.: 1988, Solar Phys. 117, 243.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Martin, S. and Harvey, K.L.: 1979, Solar Phys. 59, 105.Google Scholar
  41. Parker, E.N.: 1957, Phys. Rev. 107, 924.MathSciNetADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Parker, E.N.: 1958, Phys. Fluids 1, 171.MathSciNetADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Parker, E.N.: 1963, Interplanetary Dynamical Processes, Interscience. Div., John Wiley and Sons, New York.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  44. Parker, E.N.: 1967, J. Geophys. Res. 72, 2315, 4365.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Parker, E.N.: 1988, Astrophys. J. 330, 474.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Parker, E.N.: 1994, Spontaneous Current Sheets in Magnetic Fields, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  47. Parker, E.N.: 1995, Astrophys. J. 440, 415.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Parker, E.N.: 1996, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 10587.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Parker, E.N.: 1997, Astrophys. J. 471, 489.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pesses, M.E., Jokipii, J.R. and Eichler, D.: 1981, Astrophys. J. Lett. 246, L85.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Porter, J.G. and Moore, R.L.: 1988, in: Proc. 9th Sacramento Peak Summer Symp, 1987, National Solar Observatory, Sunspot New Mexico, p. 30.Google Scholar
  52. Schussler, M., Caligari, P., Ferriz-mas, A. and Moreno-Insertis, F.: 1994, Astron. Astrophys. 281, L69.ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. Shenette, O.L., Conlon, T.F. and Simpson, J.A.: 1974, J. Geophys. Res. 79, 3551.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Simpson, J.A. et al.: 1974, Science 183, 306.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Soon, W.H., Posmentier, E.S. and Baliunas, S.L.: 1996, Astrophys. J. 472, 891.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhang, Q., Soon, W.H., Baliunas, S.L., Lockwood, G.W., Skiff, B.A. and Radick, R.R.: 1994, Astrophys. J. Lett. 427, L111.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhu, X.: 1994, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 11327, 11343.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhu, X.: 1995, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 1847.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. N. Parker
    • 1
  1. 1.Fermi Institute and Departments of Physics and of AstronomyUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations