Advertisement

Space Weather and the Earth’s Climate

  • Norma B. Crosby
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 259)

Abstract

Space Weather is a multi-disciplinary subject covering many technological, scientific, environmental and economical topics and the aim of this paper is to give a global overview of what this encompasses. Defining the various Space Weather induced effects (technological and biological) should have the potential Space Weather User in mind. Phenomena that can induce these effects are for the most part natural, but can also be manmade. Tools using models to explain the dynamical space environment and its effects incorporating real-time data are essential for any Space Weather forecasting center. This involves international interactions between different fields and the many world-wide Space Weather initiatives that have been initiated show indeed how much emphasis is being placed on this at present. Defining the physical relation of the Earth’s changing climate with various long-term changes in the space environment may provide clues to the short-term changes that one wants to predict both on the weather in space and on Earth.

Key words

Space Weather Space Weather Effects Sun Solar Activity Magnetospheric Storms/Sub-Storms Radiation Belts Cosmic Ray Particles Space Debris Models Space Weather Forecasting Centers Earth’s Climate Changes 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baker, D., Allen, J., Belian, R., Blake, J., Kanekal, S., Klecker, B., Lepping, R., Li, X.,Mewaldt, R., Ogilvie, K., Onsager, T., Reeves, G., Rostoker, G., Sheldon R., Singer,H., Spence, H., and Turner, N.: 1996, ISTP Newsletter 6 (2). For electronic form:http://www-istp.gsfc.nasa.gov/istp/newsletters/V6N2/newsletter.htmlGoogle Scholar
  2. Baker, D, Pulkkinen, T., Li, X., Kanekal, S., Blake, J., Selesnick, R., Henderson, M.,Reeves, G., and Spence, H.: 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 17279.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bourdarie, S.: 1999, in Proceedings from the ESA Workshop on Space Weather, ESA-WPP-155, 127.Google Scholar
  4. Crosby, N., Hilgers, A., and Daly, E.: 1999, in Proceedings from the ESA Workshop on Space Weather, ESA-WPP-155, 507.Google Scholar
  5. Crosby, N., Toivanen, P., Heynderickx, D., Bothmer, V., Gabriel, S., Hildner, E., and Vilmer, N., 1999: in Proceedings from the ESA Workshop on Space Weather, ESA-WPP-155, 521.Google Scholar
  6. Daly, E., Drolshagen, G., Hilgers, A., and Evans, H., 1996: in Proceedings from the Symposium on Environment Modelling for Space-Based Applications, ESA SP-392. For electronic form: http://www.estec.esa.nl/wmwww/wma/conf/Abstracts/abstract45/paperGoogle Scholar
  7. Feynman, J., Spitale, G., Wang, J., and Gabriel, S.: 1993, J. Geophys. Res. 98, 13281.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Friis-Christensen, E. and Lassen K.: 1991, Science 254, 698.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Heynderickx, D. and Quaghebeur, B.: 1999, in Proceedings from the ESA Workshop on Space Weather, ESA-WPP-155, 109.Google Scholar
  10. Hundhausen, A.: 1999, in K. Strong, J. Saba, B. Haisch, J. Schmelz (eds.), The Many Faces of the Sun: A Summary of the Results from NASA’s Solar Maximum Mission,143.Google Scholar
  11. Johansson, K., Dyreklev, P., and Granbom, 1997, in I. Sandahl and E. Jonsson (eds.),Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence Applications in Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 34.Google Scholar
  12. Koskinen, H. and Pulkkinen, T., 1999, ESA Technical Note SPEE-WP310-TN-1.2,Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland. For electronic form: http://www.estec.esa.nl/wmwww/spweather/MISCELLANEOUS/communications.htmlGoogle Scholar
  13. Lanzerotti, L., Thomson, D., and Maclennan, C.: 1997, Bell Labs Technical Journal.Google Scholar
  14. Lauriente, M. and Vampola, A.: 1996, presented at NASDA/JAERI 2nd International Workshop on Radiation Effects of Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications,21 March 1996, Tokyo, Japan. For electronic form: http://envnet.gsfc.nasa.gov/Papers/JPRadiation.htmlGoogle Scholar
  15. Pirjola, R., Viljanen A., Amm, O., and Pulkkinen A.: 1999, in Proceedings from the ESA Workshop on Space Weather, ESA-WPP-155, 45.Google Scholar
  16. Proceedings of the ESA Workshop on Space Weather, 11–13 November 1998, ESTEC,Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA WPP-155. For electronic form: http://www.estec.esa.nl/wmwww/spweather/PROCEEDINGS/review_EDIT.htmlGoogle Scholar
  17. Pudovkin, M. and Veretenenko, S.: 1995, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 57, 1349.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pudovkin, M. and Veretenenko S.: 1996, Adv. Space Res. 17 (11), 161.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pulkkinen, T.: 1999, in Proceedings from the ESA Workshop on Space Weather, ESA-WPP-155, 83.Google Scholar
  20. Sawyer, D. and Vette, J.: 1976, NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S 76–06, NASA-GSFC.Google Scholar
  21. Svensmark, H. and Friis-Christensen, E.: 1997, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 59, 1225.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Vette, J.: 1991, NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S Report 91–24, NASA-GSFC.Google Scholar
  23. Wilson, J., Miller, J., Konradi, A., et al.\ 1997, NASA Conference Publication 3360.Google Scholar
  24. Wilson, J., Cucinotta, F.A., Simonsen, L., et al: 1997, NASA Technical Paper 3682.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norma B. Crosby
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.ESA ESTEC/TOS-EMANoordwijkThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Strasbourg Central Campus — Parc d’InnovationInternational Space UniversityIllkirch-GraffenstadenFrance

Personalised recommendations