Space Weather and the Earth’s Climate

  • Norma B. Crosby
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 259)


Space Weather is a multi-disciplinary subject covering many technological, scientific, environmental and economical topics and the aim of this paper is to give a global overview of what this encompasses. Defining the various Space Weather induced effects (technological and biological) should have the potential Space Weather User in mind. Phenomena that can induce these effects are for the most part natural, but can also be manmade. Tools using models to explain the dynamical space environment and its effects incorporating real-time data are essential for any Space Weather forecasting center. This involves international interactions between different fields and the many world-wide Space Weather initiatives that have been initiated show indeed how much emphasis is being placed on this at present. Defining the physical relation of the Earth’s changing climate with various long-term changes in the space environment may provide clues to the short-term changes that one wants to predict both on the weather in space and on Earth.

Key words

Space Weather Space Weather Effects Sun Solar Activity Magnetospheric Storms/Sub-Storms Radiation Belts Cosmic Ray Particles Space Debris Models Space Weather Forecasting Centers Earth’s Climate Changes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norma B. Crosby
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.ESA ESTEC/TOS-EMANoordwijkThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Strasbourg Central Campus — Parc d’InnovationInternational Space UniversityIllkirch-GraffenstadenFrance

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