Water-Rock Reactions in a Barite-Fluorite Underground Mine, Black Forest (Germany)

  • Ingrid Stober
  • Yinian Zhu
  • Kurt Bucher
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 40)


Mineralization in the more than 700 m deep underground barite and fluorite mine Clara occurs in 3 major vein systems within the central gneiss complex of the Black Forest, SW-Germany. They are associated with quartz, carbonate, various sulfides, natural alloys and about 250 different species of secondary minerals. Water transport is strongly focused within the mineral veins owing to their high fracture and cavity-related permeability. Water from 25 different sampling points in and around the mine were collected and analyzed monthly during one year in order to elucidate the interaction of surface water with the various rock types. On the basis of the relative proportions of the major ions 3 types of water could be distinguished: Ca-HCO3-, Ca-SO4-HCO3- and Ca-SO4-Cl-water. The source of the solutes is related to fluid-rock reaction, especially feldspar weathering. All waters within the mine are very close to quartz saturation. They are saturated or slightly undersaturated with respect to calcite after relatively short flow distances through the fracture pore space. All waters are undersaturated regarding dolomite or gypsum. On pertinent activity diagrams, all waters fall into the stability field of kaolinite which is an observed major alteration product in veins and rocks.


Fluid Inclusion Crystalline Basement Saturation Index Fluorite Mine Barite Vein 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid Stober
    • 1
  • Yinian Zhu
    • 2
  • Kurt Bucher
    • 2
  1. 1.Geological SurveyFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Mineralogy, Petrology and GeochemistryUniversität FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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