Political, Economic and Social Impact of Land Degradation During the Soviet Period



Communist leaders put task of re-education of people in the spirit of the communist morals. According to the communist doctrine, the human society passed in consecutive order through several stages of socioeconomic development: primitive society, slave-owning system, tribal system, feudalism, capitalism, socialism and communism. The last was considered as the final stage of development, as an “ideal society”.


Land Degradation Cotton Plantation Opium Poppy Soviet Period White Gold 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center on Problems of Ecology and Productivity of ForestsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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