Physical Environment and Agricultural Development



Central Asia is located within the vast Aralo-Caspian basin. Being a part of the continent of Asia, Central Asia is bordered on the south by mountain chains of the Kopetdag and the Parapamis, and on the east by piedmont plains of the Dzhungarian Alatau, the Tian-Shan and the Pamir. Deserts and semi-deserts of Central Asia are divided by the highest mountains from the tropical belt of Asia. Vast desert plains devoid of surface runoff, piedmont plains and oases of irrigated soils are the main landscapes of the region. Mountain landscapes are typical for the southern and eastern parts of this territory. Central Asia occupies an area of 4,994.4 mln. km2. Its population totaled 51.8 mln. in 1991.


Dust Storm Agricultural Development Sandy Desert Soviet Period Piedmont Plain 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center on Problems of Ecology and Productivity of ForestsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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