Mössbauer and small polaron hopping conduction studies of alkali borogermanate glasses containing iron

  • M M El-Desoky
  • J Lipka
  • M Y Hassaan
Conference paper


Mössbauer, DTA and dc conductivity of glasses in system Na2B4O7 - GeO2 - Fe2O3 prepared by press quenching was studied at temperatures between 323 and 573 K. ‘Tg-Δ rule’ i.e. a linear relationship between the glass transition temperature (Tg) and Mössbauer quadrupole splitting (Δ) is applied to the glass samples. A slope of the straight line obtained from the plot of Tg vs Δ (i.e. 798°C/ mm s−1)−1 for the glass samples implies that the Fe3+ atoms substitute tetrahedral GeO4 atoms and play a role of network former. A linear decrease of Δ proves that the symmetry of distorted FeO4 tetrahedra was linearly increased with Fe2O3 content. The dc conductivity was found to be decrease as the Fe2O3 content was increased while the activation energy increases with decreasing Fe2O3 content. From the conductivity temperature relation, it was found that small polaron hopping model was applicable at temperature above 350K ; the electrical conduction at T > 350K was due to nonadiabatic small polaron hopping of electrons between iron ions.


Glass Transition Temperature Isomer Shift Glass Sample Quadrupole Splitting Fe2O3 Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    N.F. Mott, Conduction in Non-Crystalline Materials (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1987); J. Non. Cryst. Solids 1 (1968) 1.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    N.F. Mott and E.A. Davis, Electronic Processes in Non-Crystalline Materials, 2nd Ed (Clarendon Oxford 1979).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    I.G. Austin and N.F. Mott Adv. Phys. 18(1969) 41.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    T. Nishida, H. Ide and Y. Takashima, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 63 (1990) 548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    T. Nishida, J. Non. Cryst. Solids. 177 (1994) 451.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    T. Nishida, J. Iwashita and S. Kubuki, J. Cer. Soc. Jpn 107[5] (1999) 408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    K. El-Egili and H. Doweidar, Phys. Chem. Glasses 39(6) (1998) 332.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    H. Jain and S. Krishnaswami, Solid State Ionics 105 (1998) 129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    H. Jain, X. Lu, J. Non Cryst. Solids 196 (1996) 290.ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    N.J. Kreidi “Glass Science and Technology” Ed by D.R. Uhlmann and N.J. Kreidl, Vol. 1 “Glass. Forming Systems”, Academic Press, New York (1983) pp. 105–299.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    M. Sayer and A. Monsingh, Phys. Rev. B6 (1972) 4626.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • M M El-Desoky
    • 1
  • J Lipka
    • 2
  • M Y Hassaan
    • 3
  1. 1.Physics Department, Faculty of EducationSuez Canal UniversityEl-ArishEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Nuclear Physics and technologyFaculty of Electrical Engineering and Information TechnologyBratislavaSlovak Republic
  3. 3.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceAl-Azhar UniversityNasr City, CairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations