Skip to main content

Vacuum Arc Ion Sources: Charge State Enhancement and Arc Voltage

  • Chapter

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII,volume 88)

Abstract

The Metal Vapor Vacuum ion source (MEWA) has been developed for the production of ion beams for a wide range of metal ions. The ion charge states for most heavy elements created by the high current MEVVA ion source, which typically generates ions with a mean charge state up to three, have to be elevated to higher charge states for accelerator reasons at the GSI accelerator facility. Several methods are known which elevate charge states. Especially for the generation of U4+ ions a strong magnetic field and a high arc current has been used at GSI. Both methods increase the arc voltage which in turn influences the electron energy distribution and thus the mean ion charge state. Arc voltages have been measured for different settings of arc current, magnetic flux density and discharge geometry indicating the dependencies between these quantities and the arc voltage.

Keywords

  • Charge State
  • Anode Material
  • Strong Magnetic Field
  • Charge State Distribution
  • Copper Anode

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-94-010-0277-6_12
  • Chapter length: 8 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-010-0277-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. A. Anders, Phys. Rev. E 55(1), (1997), 696

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. A. Anders, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 29(2), (2001), 393

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. R. Hollinger, F. Heymach, P. Spädtke, Rev. Sci. Instr. 73(2), (2002), 1024

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. A. Anders, G. Yushkov, E. Oks, A. Nikolaev, I. Brown, Rev. Sci. Instr. 69(3), (1998), 1332

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. E.M. Oks et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), (1995), 200

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. E. M. Oks, I.G. Brown, M.R. Dickinson,, R. A. MacGill, Rev. Sci. Instr. 67(3), (1996), 959

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. H. Reich, P. Spädtke, E. M. Oks, Rev. Sci. Instr. 71(2), (2000), 707

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  8. A. Anders, I. G. Brown, R. MacGill, M. Dickinson, Rev. Sci. Instr. 67(3), (1996), 1202

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. F. J. Paoloni and I. G. Brown, Rev. Sci. Instr. 66(7), (1995), 3855

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  10. E. M. Oks, A. Anders, I. G. Brown, M. R. Dickinson, R. A. MacGill, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24(3), (1996), 1174

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  11. A.S. Bugaev, E. M. Oks, G, Y. Yushkov, A. Anders, I. G. Brown, Rev. Sci. Instr. 71(2), (2000), 701

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  12. A. Bugaev, V. Gushenets, G. Yushkov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(7), (2001), 919

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. V. A. Batalin et al., Rev. Sci. Instr. 73(2), (2002), 702

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  14. M. Galonska, F. Heymach, R. Hollinger, R. Lang, P. Spädtke, unpublished

    Google Scholar 

  15. R. Hollinger, M. Galonska, F. Heymach, P. Spädtke, (2002), MEVVA ion source for uranium high current operation at the GSI accelerator facility, to be published in the Proc. of the XXth ISDEIV, Tours, France

    Google Scholar 

  16. P. Spädtke et al., GSI-Scientific Report 2001, (2002), 191

    Google Scholar 

  17. A. Anders, B. Yotsombat, R. Binder, J. Appl. Phys. 89(12), (2001), 7764

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  18. Stöcker, ( 1994), Taschenbuch der Physik, Verlag Harri Deutsch, Frankfurt am Main

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  19. R. Hollinger, K. Volk, H. Klein, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 481, (2002), 86

    ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2002 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Galonska, M., Heymach, F., Hollinger, R., Spädtke, P. (2002). Vacuum Arc Ion Sources: Charge State Enhancement and Arc Voltage. In: Oks, E., Brown, I. (eds) Emerging Applications of Vacuum-Arc-Produced Plasma, Ion and Electron Beams. NATO Science Series, vol 88. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0277-6_12

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0277-6_12

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4020-1066-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-010-0277-6

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive