Time, Consciousness and Quantum Events in Fundamental Spacetime Geometry

  • S. Hameroff
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 95)

Abstract

What is time? St. Augustine remarked that when no one asked him, he knew what time was; however when someone asked him, he did not. Is time a process which flows? Is time a dimension in which processes occur? Does time actually exist?

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Smart, J.C.C. (1972) Time, in P. Edwards (Editor in Chief), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volumes 7 & 8, Collier-MacMillan, London, pp. 126–134.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barbour, J. (1999) The End of Time — The Next Revolution in Physics, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Leibniz, G.W. (1768) Opera Omnia, 6 Volumes, Louis Dutens, Geneva.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Whitehead, A.N. (1929) Process of Reality, Macmillan, London.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Whitehead, A.N. (1933) Adventure of Ideas, Macmillan, London.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shimony, A. (1993) Search for a Naturalistic World View: Volume II. Natural Science and Metaphysics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (U.K).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shimony, A. (1997) On mentality, quantum mechanics and the actualization of potentialities, in R. Penrose, A. Shimony, N. Cartwright, S.W. Hawking in M. Longair(eds.), The Large, the Small and the Human Mind, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (U.K.), pp. 144–160.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Everett, H. (1973) The theory of the universal wave function, in B.S. DeWitt and N. Graham (eds.), The Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, Princeton University Press, Princeton (New Jersey).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Penrose, R. (1971) Angular momentum: an approach to combinatorial space-time, in E.A. Bastin (ed.), Quantum Theory and Beyond, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (U.K.), pp. 151–180.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rovelli, C. and Smolin, L. (1995) Spin networks in quantum gravity, Physical Review D52 (10), 5743–5759.MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Smolin, L. (1997) Life of the Cosmos, Oxford University Press, Oxford (N.Y.).MATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Penrose, R. (1989) The Emperor’s New Mind, Oxford University Press, Oxford (U.K.).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Penrose, R. (1994) Shadows of the Mind, Oxford University Press, Oxford (U.K.).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Penrose, R. (1997) On gravity’s role in quantum state reduction, General Relativity and Gravitation 28 (5), 581–600.MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zizzi, P. (2000) Emergent consciousness: Prom the early universe to our minds, gr-qc/0007006.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Penrose, R. and Hameroff, S.R. (1995) What gaps? Reply to Grush and Churchland, Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (2), 99–112.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hameroff, S.R. and Penrose, R. (1996) Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: A model for consciousness, in S.R. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, and A.C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness. The First Tucson Discussions and Debates, MIT Press, Cambridge (MA); also published in Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 40, 453-480.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hameroff, S.R. and Penrose, R. (1996) Conscious events as orchestrated spacetime selections, Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (1), 36–53.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hameroff, S.R. (1998) “Funda-Mentality” — Is the conscious mind subtly connected to a basic level of the universe?, Trends in Cognitive Science 2 (4), 119–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hameroff, S.R. (1998) Quantum computation in brain microtubules? The Penrose-Hameroff “Orch OR” model of consciousness, Philosophical Transactions Royal Society London (A) 356, 1869–1896.MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mundle, C.W.K (1999) Consciousness of time, in P. Edwards (Editor in Chief), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volumes 7 and 8, Collier-MacMillan, London, pp. 134–139.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dennett, D. (1989) Consciousness Explained, Little Brown, Boston.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Libet, B., Wright, E.W. Jr., Feinstem, B. and Pearl, D.K. (1979) Subjective referral of the timing for a conscious sensory experience, Brain 102, 193–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bierman, D.J. and Scholte, H.S. (2002) Anomalous anticipatory brain activation preceding exposure of emotional and neutral pictures, available at http://all62.fmg.uva.nl/~djb/publications/2002/frmiresentimenta2002.pdf.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang, G.M., Sevick, B.M., Mittag, E., Searles, D.J. and Evans, D.J. (2002) Experimental demonstration of the second law of thermodynamics for small systems and short time scales, Physical Review Letters 89, 050601.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Aharonov, Y. and Vaidman, L. (1990) Properties of a quantum system during the time interval between two measurements, Physical Review A41, 11.MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Penrose, R. (1998) Quantum computation, entanglement and state reduction, Philosophical Transactions Royal Society London (A) 356, 1927–1939.MathSciNetADSMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bergson, H. (1910) Time and Free Will, translated by F.L. Pogson, London and New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Hameroff
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Anesthesiology and PsychologyCenter for Consciousness Studies, The University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations