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Optimum Transonic Wing Design Using Control Theory

  • Antony Jameson
Part of the Fluid Mechanics and its Applications book series (FMIA, volume 73)

Abstract

While aerodynamic prediction methods based CFD are now well established, and quite accurate and robust, the ultimate need in the design process is to find the optimum shape which maximizes the aerodynamic performance. One way to approach this objective is to view it as a control problem, in which the wing is treated as a device which controls the flow to produce lift with minimum drag, while meeting other requirements such as low structure weight, sufficient fuel volume, and stability and control constrains. Here we apply the theory of optimal control of systems governed by partial differential equations with boundary control, in this case through changing the shape of the boundary. Using this theory, we can find the Frechet derivative (infinitely dimensional gradient) of the cost function with respect to the shape by solving an adjoint problem, and then we can make an improvement by making a modification in a descent direction. For example, the cost function might be the drag coefficient at a fixed lift, or the lift to drag ratio. During the last decade, this method has been intensively developed, and has proved to be very effective for improving wing section shapes for fixed wing planform [3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14].

Keywords

Computational Fluid Dynamics Drag Coefficient AIAA Paper Lift Coefficient Adjoint Equation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antony Jameson
    • 1
  1. 1.Thomas V Jones Professor of Engineering, Department of Aeronautics and AstronauticsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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