End-of-Life Indications for Lithium Pacemakers

  • A.C.M. Renirie


The increasing use of lithium instead of mercury-zinc power sources in cardiac pacemakers has resulted in a change of end-of-life characteristics. In this paper we will describe the methods used to make an accurate assessment of end-of-life of the lithium batteries used by Vitatron. These are the lithium-silver chromate cell (S.A.F.T.) and the lithium-iodine cell (Catalyst Research Corp.), which are used in the Vitatron S 6000 and C 2000 series of pacemakers.


Pulse Generator Open Circuit Voltage Internal Resistance Current Drain Output Impedance 
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    Gerbier G., Lehmann G., Lenfant P., Rivault J.P., Reliability of lithium-silver chromate batteries for cardiac pacing and the related quality control systems; S.A.F.T.-Dry battery division, Poitiers, France.Google Scholar
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    Broussely M., Lehmann G., Lenfant P., The S.A.F.T. lithium-silver chromate battery-Performances of the Li 210 type; S.A.F. T.-Dry battery division, Poi tiers, France. DC. Scholar
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    Catalyst Research Corporation: Lithiode, Lithium-iodine batteries.Google Scholar
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    A.C.M. Renirie: United States Patent 3,031,899; June 28, 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers by, The Hague 1978

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  • A.C.M. Renirie

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