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End-of-Life Indications for Lithium Pacemakers

  • A.C.M. Renirie
Chapter

Abstract

The increasing use of lithium instead of mercury-zinc power sources in cardiac pacemakers has resulted in a change of end-of-life characteristics. In this paper we will describe the methods used to make an accurate assessment of end-of-life of the lithium batteries used by Vitatron. These are the lithium-silver chromate cell (S.A.F.T.) and the lithium-iodine cell (Catalyst Research Corp.), which are used in the Vitatron S 6000 and C 2000 series of pacemakers.

Keywords

Pulse Generator Open Circuit Voltage Internal Resistance Current Drain Output Impedance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Gerbier G., Lehmann G., Lenfant P., Rivault J.P., Reliability of lithium-silver chromate batteries for cardiac pacing and the related quality control systems; S.A.F.T.-Dry battery division, Poitiers, France.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Broussely M., Lehmann G., Lenfant P., The S.A.F.T. lithium-silver chromate battery-Performances of the Li 210 type; S.A.F. T.-Dry battery division, Poi tiers, France. DC.3.04.77.10016.2.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Catalyst Research Corporation: Lithiode, Lithium-iodine batteries.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A.C.M. Renirie: United States Patent 3,031,899; June 28, 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers by, The Hague 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • A.C.M. Renirie

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