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Since the implantation of the first pacemaker in 1959 the pacemaker circuitry has increased in complexity and the trend will continue. There are many reasons why the pulse generator circuits became more complex: among others, there was a need to adapt the generator to heart demands (demand pacemaker), provide for functional adjustment (programmable pacemakers with rate adjustment) and achieve greater circuit efficiency which extends generator life.
KeywordsPulse Generator Print Circuit Board Film Hybrid Circuit Component Conductor Pattern
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