Pacemaker Technology

  • David L. Bowers
Part of the Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine book series (DICM, volume 3)


Since the implantation of the first pacemaker in 1959 the pacemaker circuitry has increased in complexity and the trend will continue. There are many reasons why the pulse generator circuits became more complex: among others, there was a need to adapt the generator to heart demands (demand pacemaker), provide for functional adjustment (programmable pacemakers with rate adjustment) and achieve greater circuit efficiency which extends generator life.


Pulse Generator Print Circuit Board Film Hybrid Circuit Component Conductor Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers bv, The Hague 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Bowers

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