Advertisement

Control of Pituitary-Adrenal Periodicity

  • D. T. Krieger
Part of the Developments in Endocrinology book series (DIEN, volume 1)

Abstract

The present report will review studies of the pituitary-adrenal periodicity in the animal and the human and consider some of the possible factors involved in its regulation.

Keywords

Circadian Rhythm Circadian Variation Plasma ACTH Plasma Cortisol Concentration Metabolic Clearance Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Perkoff, GT, K Eik-Nes, CA Nugent, HL Fred, RA Nimer, L Rush, LT Samuels and FH Tyler, Studies of the diurnal variation of plasma 17-hydroxycorticosteroids. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 16: 432–443, 1959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Migeon, CJ, FH Tyler, JP Mahoney, AA Florentin, H Castle, EL Bliss and LT Samuels, The diurnal variation of plasma levels and urinary excretion of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in normal subjects, night workers and blind subjects. J Clin Endocrinol 16: 622–633, 1956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Krieger, DT, W Allen, F Rizzo and HP Krieger, Characterization of the normal pattern of plasma corticosteroid levels. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 32: 266–284, 1971PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gallagher, RF, K Yoshida, HD Roffwarg, DK Fukushima, ED Weitzman and L Hellman, ACTH and cortisol secretory patterns in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 36: 1058 1073, 1973Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Krieger, DT and W Allen, Relationship of bioassayable and immunoassayable ACTH and cortisol concentration in normal subjects and in patients with Cushing’s disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 40: 675–687, 1975PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Silverberg, AI, F Rizzo and DT Krieger, Nyctohemeral periodicity of plasma 17-OHCS levels in elderly subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 28: 1661–1663, 1968PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Critchlow, V, RA Liebelt, M Bar-Sela, W Mountcastle and HS Lipscomb, Sex difference in resting pituitary-adrenal function in the rat. Am J Physiol 205: 807–815, 1963PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dallman, MF, WC Engeland and J Shinsako, Circadian changes in adrenocortical responses to ACTH. Prog 58th Meeting Endo Soc 58: 4, 1976 (abstract)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cheifetz, P, N Gaffud and JF Dingman, Effects of bilateral adrenalectomy and continuous light on the circadian rhythm of corticotropin in female rats. Endocrinology 82: 1117–1124, 1968PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rees, LH, DM Cook, JW Kendall, CF Allen, RM Kramer, JG Ratcliffe and RA Knight, A radioimmunoassay for rat plasma ACTH. Endocrinology 89: 254–261, 1971PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Retiene, K, E Zimmerman, WJ Schindler, J Neuenschwander and HS Lipscomb, A correlative study of endocrine rhythms in rats. Acta Endocrinol (Kbh) 57: 615–622, 1968Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hiroshige, T, and M Sakakura, Circadian rhythm of corticotropin releasing activity in the hypothalamus of normal and adrenalectomized rats. Neuroendocrinology 7: 25–36, 1971PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hiroshige, T, M Sakakura and S Itoh, Diurnal variation of corticotropin releasing activity in the rat hypothalamus. Endocrinol Jpn 16: 465–467, 1969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Krieger, DT, A Liotta and MJ Brownstein, Corticotropin releasing factor distribution in normal and Brattleboro rat brain, and effect of deafferentation, hypophysectomy and steroid treatment in normal animals. Endocrinology 100: 227–237, 1977PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shiotsuka, R, J Jovonovich and JA Jovonovich, Circadian and ultradian corticosterone rhythms in adrenal organ cultures, In:Chronological aspects of endocrinology, Schattauer, FK (ed.), New York, Springer-Verlag, 255–267, 1974Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Meier, AH, Daily variation in concentration of plasma corticosteroid in hypophysectomized rats. Endocrinology 98: 1475–1479, 1976PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ungar, F and F Halberg, Circadian rhythm in the in vitt° response of mouse adrenal to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Science 137: 1058–1059, 1962PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Delacerda, L, A Kowarski and CJ Migeon, Diurnal variation of the metabolic clearance rate of cortisol. Effect of measurement of cortisol production rate. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 36: 1043–1049, 1973CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Krieger, DH and GP Gewirtz, The nature of the circadian periodicity and suppressibility of immunoreactive ACTH levels in Addison’s disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 39: 46–52, 1974PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Takebe, K, C Setaishi and M Hirama, Effects of a bacterial pyrogen on the pituitary-adrenal axis and various times in the 24 hours. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 26: 437–442, 1966PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Reis, DJ, A Corvelli and J Conners, Circadian and ultradian rhythms of serotonin regionally in cat brain. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 167: 328–333, 1969PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Reis, DJ, M Weinbren and A Corvelli, A circadian rhythm of norepinephrine regionally in cat brain. Its relationship to environmental lighting and to regional diurnal variations in brain serotonin. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 164: 135–145, 1968PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Franks, R, Diurnal variation of plasma 17-OHCS in children. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 27: 75–78, 1967PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Allen, C, and JW Kendall, Maturation of the circadian rhythm of plasma corticosterone in the rat. Endocrinology 80: 926–930, 1967PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ader, R, Early experiences accelerate maturation of the 24-hour adrenocortical rhythm. Science 163: 1225–1226, 1969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Asano, Y, The maturation of the circadian rhythm of brain norepinephrine and serotonin in the rat. Life Sci 10: 883–894, 1971CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hirosnige, T and T Sato, Postnatal development of circadian rhythm of corticotropin releasing activity in the rat hypothalamus. Endocrinol Jpn 17: 1–6, 1970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Krieger, DT and HP Krieger, Circadian variation of the plasma 17-OHCS in the central nervous sytem disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 26: 929–940, 1966PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Halasz, MA Slusher and RA Gorski, Adrenocorticotrophic hormone secretion in rats after partial or total deafferentation of the medial basal hypothalamus. Neuroendocrinology 2: 43–55, 1967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Moore, RY and VB Eichler, Loss of a circadian adrenal corticosterone rhythm following suprachiasmatic lesions in the rat. Brain Res 42: 201–206, 1972PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Palka, A, D Coyer and V Critchlow, Effects of isolation of medial basal hypothalamus on pituitary-adrenal and pituitary-ovarian functions. Neuroendocrinology 5: 333–349, 1969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Slusher, MA, Effect of chronic hypothalamic lesions on diurnal and stress corticosteroid levels. Am J Physiol 206: 1161–1164, 1964PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lengvari, I and B Halasz, Evidence for a diurnal fluctuation in plasma corticosterone levels after fornix transection in the rat. Neuroendocrinology 11: 191–196, 1973PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Chihara, K, Y Kato, K Maeda, S Matsukura and H Imura, Suppression by cyproheptadine of human growth hormone (GH) and cortisol secretion during sleep. J Clin Inv 57: 1393–1402, 1976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ferrari, E, PA Bossolo, A Vailati, I Martinelli, A Rea and I Nosari, Variations circadiennes des effets d’une substance vagolytique sur le système ACTH-sécrétant chez l’homme. Annales d’Endocrinologie (Paris) 38: 203–213, 1977Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Krieger, HP and DT Krieger, Chemical stimulation of the brain: effect of adrenal corticoid release. Am J Physiol 218: 1632–1638, 1970PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Scapagnini, U, Moberg GP, GR Vanloon, J DeGroot and WF Ganong, Relation of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine content to the diurnal variation in plasma corticosterone in the rat. Neuroendocrinology 7: 90–96, 1971PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Orth, DN, DP Island and GW Liddle, Experimental alteration of the circadian rhythm in plasma cortisol concentration in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 27: 549–555, 1967PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Weitzman, ED, C Nogeire, M Perlow, D Fukushima, J Sassin, P McGregor, TF Gallagher and L Hellman, Effects of a prolonged 3-hour sleep-wake cycle on sleep stages, plasma cortisol, growth hormone and body temperature in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 38: 1018–1030, 1974PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Orth, DN, DP Island and GW Liddle, Light synchronization of the circadian rhythm in plasma cortisol concentration in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 29: 479–486, 1969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Orth, DN, GM Besser, PH King and WE Nicholson, Free-running circadian plasma cortisol rhythm in a blind human subject. Clin Endocrinol 10: 603–618, 1979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Miles, LEM, DM Raynal and MA Wilson, Blind man living in normal society has circadian rhythms d 24.9 hours. Science 198: 421–423, 1977PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Krieger, DT, J Kreuzer and F Rizzo, Constant light: effect on circadian pattern and phase reversal of steroid and electrolyte levels in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 29: 1634–1638, 1969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Krieger, DT, Food and water restriction shifts corticosterone, temperature, activity and brain amine periodicity. Endocrinology 95: 1195–1201, 1974PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Krieger, DT, H Hauser and LC Krey, Suprachiasmatic nuclear lesions do not abolish food shifted circadian adrenal and temperature rhythmicity. Science 197: 398–399, 1977PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Krieger, DT and H Hauser, Comparison of synchronization of circadian corticosteroid rhythms by photo-period and food. Proc Natl Acad Cci 75: 1577–1580, 1978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Krieger, DT, Restoration of corticosteroid periodicity in obese rats by limited AM food access. Brain Res 171: 67–75, 1979PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Krieger, DT, Ventromedial hypothalamic lesions abolish food-shifted circadian adrenal and temperature rhythmicity. Endocrinology 106: 649–654, 1980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ECSC, EEC, EAEC, Brussels-Luxembourg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. T. Krieger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of EndocrinologyMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations