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Social Diversity

  • Christopher J. Berry
Chapter
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Part of the Archives Internationales D’Histoire des Idees / International Archives of the History of Ideas book series (ARCH, volume 103)

Abstract

Hume recognises the ‘facts’ of social diversity. Crucially, however, this recognition is within a theory which holds that the causes of diversity “at the same time maintain such an uniformity in human life” (T, 402). Nevertheless, since different societies, across time and space, do enjoy different social customs and do exhibit different social institutions, the chief task to be undertaken in this Chapter is to see, given his theory of human nature, what explanation Hume provides for these differences.

Keywords

Human Nature Eighteenth Century National Character Social Diversity Moral Sentiment 
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References

  1. 1.
    ‘Climate’ in the eighteenth century did not have its present meteorological connotation; instead, Johnson defines it as “A space upon the surface of the earth, measured from the equator to the polar circles in each of which spaces the longest day is half-an-hour longer”, Dictionary, 10th Edit. (1972); similarly for the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1771) climate is “a space upon the terrestrial globe”.Google Scholar
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    See Vol. 1, Bk. 1, Chap. 14; Bk. 2, Chaps. 8 & 9. He further discussed the point in his other major work Antient Metaphysics (1779–1799), Vol. 3, Bk. 2, Chap. 1 & Appendix; Vol. 4, Bk. 1, Chaps. 2, 5. The Origin and Progress of Language was partly translated by Herder.Google Scholar

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© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague 1982

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  • Christopher J. Berry

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