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Cultivation of seamoss (Gracilaria) in St. Lucia, West Indies

A preliminary report

  • Conference paper

Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY,volume 22)

Abstract

Numerous species of marine algae occur in the Caribbean (Taylor 1960), but little use is made of these seaweeds. An exception is ‘seamoss’, which is exploited in various areas. Seamoss is not an explicit term, and, depending upon the locale, refers to one or more species in several genera (Nichols et al. 1983). Whatever the species, the preparation is similar, and consists of crude, hot-water extraction or complete hydrolysis of the seaweed, yielding a gel or viscous polysaccharide. Sugar and various spices are added, and the preparation is served as a porridge-like concoction or a drink that may contain alcohol Seamoss is popular in many of the West Indian islands, and some of this popularity is certainly attributable to its alleged aphrodisiac properties.

Keywords

  • seaweed
  • Gracilaria
  • G. debilis
  • G. domingensis
  • seamoss
  • cultivation
  • Caribbean

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References

  • Doty, M. S., 1980. Outplanting Eucheuma species and Gracilaria species in the tropics. In I. A. Abbott, M. S. Foster & L. F. Eklund (eds.), Pacific Seaweed Aquaculture. California Sea Grant College Program, Univ. Calif., La Jolla: 19–22.

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  • Goldstein, M. E., 1973. Regeneration and vegetative propagation of the agarophyte Gracilaria debilis (ForskÅl) Børgesen (Rhodophyceae). Bot. mar. 16: 226–228.

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  • Nichols, K., A. H. Smith & J. McLachlan, 1983. The sea moss industry of the West Indies, with special reference to St. Lucia (in ms.).

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  • Taylor, W. R., 1960. Marine algae of the eastern tropical and subtropical coasts of the Americas. University of Michigan Press, 870 pp.

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© 1984 Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht

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Smith, A.H., Nichols, K., McLachlan, J. (1984). Cultivation of seamoss (Gracilaria) in St. Lucia, West Indies. In: Bird, C.J., Ragan, M.A. (eds) Eleventh International Seaweed Symposium. Developments in Hydrobiology, vol 22. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-6560-7_46

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-6560-7_46

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-94-009-6562-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-009-6560-7

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