Kant’s DGM: Two Fundamental Principles of Methodology
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We have now seen enough of the details of Kant’s attempt to constitute a world of experience that can be studied by the direct means accorded by our own human cognitive resources. It is a world in which space and time function as real contexts of experience, contexts provided by the grammar of sensibility. It is a world in which substance, cause and like categories organize sense-givens into objects determined in ways that allow us to know ever more of the inexhaustible features of those givens. The categories and space and time as forms of sensuous intuition impose ‘Nature’ upon things; they demand regularity and anticipation of ordered structures. The schemata and the construction rules of mathematics make this demand and this anticipation capable of fulfillment. The world of objects available for study by application of the mechanical method is a humanly constructed world, the only world that can be real for us. Gone from this world are Leibniz’s ideal space and time; gone his objects of sense as confused perceptions. Gone also are the angels, or perhaps Kant has only brought them back to earth.
KeywordsPure Reason Regulative Employment Regulative Principle Empirical Concept Private Representation
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