Molecular Sieve Zeolite Technology: The First Twenty-Five Years

  • Edith M. Flanigen
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 80)

Abstract

In twenty-five years molecular sieve zeolites have substantially impacted adsorption and catalytic process technology throughout the chemical process industries; provided timely solutions to energy and environmental problems; and grown to over a hundred million dollar industry worldwide. The evolution in zeolite materials with improved or novel properties has strongly influenced the expansion of their applications, and provided new flexibility in the design of products and processes.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    D. W. Leonard, Preprint of Paper Presented at Soc. of Mining Engineers of A.I.M.E., Oct. 17–19, 1979, Tucson, Ariz.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. M. Milton, in “Molecular Sieves”, Soc. Chem. Ind., London, (1968), p. 199.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. W. Breck, “Zeolite Molecular Sieves”, Wiley-Interscience, New York, (1974).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. M. Barrer, “Zeolites and Clay Minerals as Sorbents and Molecular Sieves”, Academic Press, London, (1978).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. W. Breck, Proceedings of the Conference on The Properties and Applications of Zeolites, Soc. Chem Ind., London, April 18-20, 1979, to be published.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. A. Anderson, ACS Symposium Series, 1977, 40, 637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. A. Rabo, R. D. Bezman, M. L. Poutsma, Acta Phys. Chem., 1978, 24, 39.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. A. Rabo, ed., “Zeolite Chemistry and Catalysis”, Amer. Chem. Soc. Monograph 171, (1976).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. D. Sherman, Adsorption and Ion Exchange Separations, AIChE Symposium Series, 1978, 74, No. 179 98.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. A. Mumpton, in “Natural Zeolites, Occurrence, Properties, Use”, L. B. Sand and F. A. Mumpton, eds., Pergamon, London, (1978), p. 3.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Torii, in ref. 10, p. 441.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. M. Milton, U.S. Patent 2, 882, 243 (1959); R. M. Milton, U.S. Patent 2,882,244 (1959).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. Fraenkel and J. Shabtai, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7074.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. W. Breck, U.S. Patent 3, 130, 007 (1964).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. B. Sand, U.S. Patent 3, 436, 174 (1969).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Anon: Chem. 7 Eng. News, 1962, Mar. 12, 62.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. W. Breck and N. A. Acara, U.S. Patent 3.216, 789 (1965).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J.-R. Bernard and J. Nury, Belgian Patent 845, 458 (1976).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. M. Flanigen and E. R. Kellberg, Dutch Patent 6, 710, 729 (1967).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. L. Wadlinger, G. T. Kerr and E. J. Rosinski, U.S. Patent 3, 308, 069 (1967).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. J. Argauer and G. R. Landolt, U.S. Patenet 3, 702, 886 (1972).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. Chu, U.S. Patent 3, 709, 979 (1973).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    E. J. Rosinski and M. K. Rubin, U.S. Patent 3, 832, 449 (1974).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. J. Plank, E. J. Rosinski and M. K. Rubin, U.S. Patent 4, 046, 859 (1977).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. K. Rubin, E. J. Rosinski and C. J. Plank, U.S. Patent 4, 086, 186 (1978).Google Scholar
  26. 26.(a)
    E. M. Flanigen, J. M. Bennett, R. W. Grose, J. P. Cohen, R. L. Patton, R. M. Kirchner and J. V. Smith, Nature, 1978, 271, 512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. (b).
    R. W. Grose and E. M. Flanigen, U.S. Patent 4,061,724 (1977).Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    E. M. Flanigen and R. L. Patton, U.S. Patent 4, 073, 865 (1978).Google Scholar
  29. 28.
    G. T. Kokotailo, S. L. Lawton, D. H. Olson and W. M. Meier, Nature, 1978, 272, 437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 29.
    D. M. Bibby, N. B. Milestone and L. P. Aldridge, Nature, 1979, 280, 664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 30.
    R. W. Grose and E. M. Flanigen, U.S. Patent 4, 104, 294 (1978).Google Scholar
  32. 31.
    C. V. McDaniel and P. K. Maher, in ref. 2, p. 186.Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    G. T. Kerr, J. Phys. Chem., 1967, 71, 4155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 33.
    J. Scherzer, J. Catalysis., 1978, 54, 285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 34.
    N. Y. Chen, J. Phys. Chem., 1976, 80, 60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 35.
    P. E. Eberly, S. M. Laurent and H. E. Robson, U.S. Patent 3.506, 400 (1970).Google Scholar
  37. 36.
    R. L. Patton, E, M. Flanigen, L. G. Dowell and D. E. Passoja, ACS Symposium Series, 1977, 40, 64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 37.(a)
    R. M. Barrer and M. B. Makki, Can. J. Chem., 1964, 42, 1481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. (b).
    R. M. Barrer and B. Coughlan, in ref. 2, p. 141Google Scholar
  40. (c).
    R. Beecher, A. Voorhies Jr. and P. Eberly Jr., Ind. Eng. Chem., Prod. Res. Develop., 1968, 7, 203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. (d).
    M. M. Dubinin, G. M. Fedorova, D. M. Plavnik, L. I. Plguzova and E. N. Prokofeva, Iz. Akad. Nauk, SSR, Ser. Khim., 1968, 2429.Google Scholar
  42. 38.
    D. E. W. Vaughan, in ref. 10, p. 353.Google Scholar
  43. 39.
    R. W. Grose and E. M. Flanigen, Union Carbide laboratories, unpublished results.Google Scholar
  44. 40.
    D. W. McKee and R. P. Hamlen, Union Carbide laboratories, unpublished results; D. W. McKee, U.S. Patents 3, 140, 932 and 3, 140, 933 (1964); ref. 3, p. 694.Google Scholar
  45. 41.
    J. A. Rabo, P. E. Pickert, D. N. Stamires and J. E. Boyle, Actes Congr. Intern. Catalyse, 2e, Paris, 1961, 2, 2055.Google Scholar
  46. 42.
    D. Barthomeuf, J.C.S. Chem. Comm., 1977, 743.Google Scholar
  47. 43.(a)
    D. Barthomeuf, Acta Phys. Chem., 1978, 24, 71Google Scholar
  48. (b).
    D. Barthomeuf, J. Phys. Chem. 1979, 83, 249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 44.
    J. C. Vedrine, A. Auroux, V. Bolis, P. Dejaifve, C. Naccache, P. Wierzchowski, E. G. Deroune, J. B. Nagy, J.-P. Gilson, J.H.C. van Hooff, J. P. van der Berg, and J. Wolthuizen, J. Catalysis, 1979, 59, 248–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 45.
    W. J. Mortier, J. Catalysis, 1978, 55, 138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 46.
    P. A. Jacobs, W. F. Mortier and J. B. Uytterhoeven, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 1978, 40, 1919.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 47.
    D. W. Breck, W. G. Eversole, and R. M. Milton, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1956, 78, 2338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 48.
    E. M. Flanigen, Adv. Chem. Ser., 1973, 121, 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 49.
    D. W. Breck and N. A. Acara, U.S. Patent 2, 950, 952 (1960).Google Scholar
  55. 50.(a)
    R. M. Barrer and P. J. cenny, J. Chem. Soc., 1961, 971Google Scholar
  56. (b).
    R. M. Barrer, P. J. Denny and E. M. Flanigen, U.S. Patent 3, 306, 922 (1962).Google Scholar
  57. 51.
    G. T. Kerr, Science, 1963, 140, 1412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 52.
    R. M. Barrer and H. Villiger, J. Chem. Soc., D, 1969, 659.Google Scholar
  59. 53.
    N. A. Acara, U.S. Patent 3, 414, 602 (1968).Google Scholar
  60. 54.
    Abbreviated organic base nomenclature described in ref. 48.Google Scholar
  61. 55.
    G. T. Kokotailo, P. Chu, S. L. Lawton, and W. M. Meier, Nature, 1978, 275, 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 56.
    E. M. Flanigen and R. L. Patton, Union Carbide laboratories, unpublished results.Google Scholar
  63. 57.
    L. D. Rollman, Adv. Chem. Ser., 1979, 173, 387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 58.
    W. J. Mortier, P. Geerlings, C. Van Alsenoy and H. P. Figeys, J. Phys. Chem, 1979, 83, 855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 59.
    H. Minato and T. Tamura, in ref. 10, p. 509.Google Scholar
  66. 60.
    D. B. Broughton, Chem. Eng. Progr., 1977, 73, No. 10, 49Google Scholar
  67. H. Odawara, Y. Noguchi and M. Ohno, U.S. Patent 4, 014, 711 (1977)Google Scholar
  68. R. W. Neuziland and J. W. Priegnitz, U.S. Patent 4, 024, 331 (1977)Google Scholar
  69. H. Odawara, M. Ohno, T. Yamazaki and M. Kanaoko, U.S. Patent 4, 157, 267 (1979).Google Scholar
  70. 61.
    C. N. Kimberlin, Jr. and E. M. Gladrow, U.S. Patent 2, 971, 903 (1961).Google Scholar
  71. 62.
    J. A. Rabo and J. E. Boyle, U.S. Patent 3, 130, 006 (1964)Google Scholar
  72. J. A. Rabo, P. E. Pickert and J. E. Boyle, U.S. Patent 3, 236, 762 (1966).Google Scholar
  73. 63.
    P. B. Weisz and V. J. Frilette, J. Phys. Chem., 1960, 64, 382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 64.
    C. J. Plank, E. J. Rosinski and W. P. Hawthorne, Ind. Eng. Chem., Prod. Res. Dev., 1964, 3, 165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. C. J. Plank and E. J. Rosinski, Chem. Eng. Prog. Symp. Ser., 1967, 73 (63), 26.Google Scholar
  76. 65.
    P. B. Venuto and E. T. Habib, Jr., Catal. Rev.-Sci. Eng., 1978, 18, 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 66.
    P. B. Weisz, Chemtech, 1973, 498.Google Scholar
  78. 67.
    J. S. Magee and J. J. Blazek, in ref. 8, p. 615.Google Scholar
  79. 68.
    D. P. Burke, Chem. Week, Mar. 28, 1979, 42.Google Scholar
  80. 69.
    S. M. Csicsery, in ref. 8, p. 680.Google Scholar
  81. 70.
    N. Y. Chen and W. E. Garwood, J. Catalysis, 1978, 52, 453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 71.
    N. Y. Chen, W. E. Garwood, W. O. Haag, and A. B. Schwartz, paper presented at the Symposium on Advances in Catalytic Chemistry, Oct. 3–5, 1979, Snowbird, Utah.Google Scholar
  83. 72.
    C. C. Chang and A. J. Silvestri, J. Catalysis, 1977, 47, 249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 73.
    S. L. Meisel, J. P. McCulloguh, C. H. Lechthaler and P. B. Weisz, Chemtech, 1976, 6, 86.Google Scholar
  85. 74.
    Anon: Oil and Gas Journal, Jan. 14, 1980, 95.Google Scholar
  86. 75.
    P. B. Weisz, W. O. Haag and P. G. Rodewald, Science, 1979, 206, 57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 76.
    T. L. Thomas, Jr., U.S. Patent 3, 033, 641 (1962).Google Scholar
  88. 77.
    Reviewed in ref. 9.Google Scholar
  89. 78.(a)
    Anon: Chem. and Eng. News, May 22, 1978Google Scholar
  90. (b).
    P. Berth, G. Jakobi, E. Schmadel, M. J. Schwuger and C. H. Krauch, Angew. Chem. Internat. Edit., 1975, 14, 94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. (c).
    H. G. Smolka and M. J. Schwuger, in ref. 10, p. 487.Google Scholar
  92. 79.
    Anon: Chem. Week, Jan. 2, 1980, 29.Google Scholar
  93. 80.
    J. S. Magee, ACS Symposium Series, 1977, 40, 650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 81.
    R. J. Seltzer, Chem. and Eng. News, Dec. 17, 1979, 21.Google Scholar
  95. 82.
    Cpt. on Zeolites, in “Industrial Minerals and Rocks”, 4th ed., S. J. Lefond, ed., 1975, 1234-1274.Google Scholar
  96. 83.
    J.-P. Sicard and P. Richman, Oil & Gas Journal, Octo. 29, 1979, 145.Google Scholar
  97. 84.
    C. D. Chrisholm, Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University, unpublished results, 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edith M. Flanigen
    • 1
  1. 1.Tarrytown Technical CenterUnion Carbide CorporationTarrytownUSA

Personalised recommendations