Long-term Consequences for Adolescents Identified as At-Risk at Birth
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As described in chapter 3, research on long-term developmental consequences of perinatal complications has not shown a linear relationship between the severity of the complications and measured developmental deviance [Kopp & Krakow 1983; Sameroff & Chandler 1975; Sameroff & Seifer 1983]. Rather, the overall findings suggest that characteristics of the postnatal social and home environment milieu are more effective predictors of developmental outcomes than are the biological risks that have been inferred from the presence of perinatal complications or neonatal symptomatology. Of course, this statement must except those cases that suffer from the more serious and incapacitating clinical syndromes. Prediction beyond early childhood on the basis of biological risk alone has generally been too unreliable to have any practical value, and, generally, the predictive results have fallen short of statistical significance [Kopp & Krakow 1983; Sameroff & Seifer 1983].
KeywordsAcademic Performance Young Adulthood Medical Risk Teenage Mother Biological Risk
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