Diabetes mellitus, obesity and cholelithiasis

  • W. C. Knowler
  • M. J. Carraher
  • D. J. Pettitt


In the United States and Europe most gallstone disease is due to cholesterol stones, for which the reported risk factors include family history of gallstones, obesity, severe bile acid malabsorption, clofibrate and oestrogen therapy, femaleness, and possibly pregnancy and diabetes1. In this report we review some previous publications concerning the two factors obesity and diabetes, and present additional data from the study of the Pima Indian population in Arizona, USA.


Impaired Glucose Tolerance Normal Glucose Tolerance Gallstone Disease Gallbladder Disease Cholesterol Cholelithiasis 
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© MTP Press Limited 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. C. Knowler
  • M. J. Carraher
  • D. J. Pettitt

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