On the Compatibility of Local Realism with Atomic Cascade Experiments

  • T. W. Marshall
  • E. Santos
  • F. Selleri
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 10)


We present two criticisms of the reported violations of local realism in atomic cascade experiments. Firstly, we show that physically reasonable local-hidden variable models can reproduce within errors the results of those experiments. Secondly, we show that photon rescattering in the beam is important for the experiments reported to violate Bell’s inequality.


Atomic Beam Bell Inequality Local Realism Quantum Mechanical Model Joint Detection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S.J. Freedman and J.F. Clauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 938 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.A. Holt and F.M. Pipkin, Harvard University preprint (1974).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.F. Clauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1223 (1976).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E.S. Fry and R.C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett, 37, 465 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 460 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 91 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Aspect, J. Dalibard, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1804 (1982).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.S. Bell, Physics 1, 195 (1965).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. von Neumann, Mathematische Grundlagen der. Quantenmechanik ( Springer, Berlin, 1932 ).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F.J. Belinfante, A Survey of Hidden-Variable Theories ( Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1973 ).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Selleri, Found. Phys. 12, 1087 (1982).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T.W. Marshall, E. Santos, and F. Selleri, Phys. Lett. 98A, 5 (1983); T.W. Marshall, Phys. Lett. 99A, 163 (1983).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    T.W. Marshall, E. Santos, and F. Selleri, Lett. Nuovo Cimento 38, 417 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.F. Clauser and M.A. Home, Phys. Rev. D10, 526 (1974). That the probabilistic theories factorable for fixed A do not exhaust all conceivable probabilistic local theories has been shown by F. Selleri, Found. Phys. 12, 645 (1982).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.J. Freedman, Ph. D. Thesis, Berkeley (1972).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Aspect, These, Université de Paris-Sud, Centre d’Orsay, No. 2674 (1983).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Selleri, “Photon scattering with Doppler-shift in the atomic-cascade experimental tests of Bell inequalities.”, Nuovo Cim. Lett., to be published.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Giusfredi, P. Minguzzi, F. Strumia, and M. Toselli, Z. Physik A274, 279 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    F. Selleri, Nuovo Cim. Lett. 36, 521 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T.W. Marshall, Phys. Lett. 79A, 147 (1980).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    E. Santos, Universidad de Santander, preprint No. FT/AS/83/6. See also E. Santos’ contribution to these proceedings.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. W. Marshall
    • 1
  • E. Santos
    • 2
  • F. Selleri
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsManchester UniversityManchesterUK
  2. 2.Departamento de FisicaUniversidad de SantanderSpain
  3. 3.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di Bari INFNSezione di BariItaly

Personalised recommendations