Phenomenological Conceptions of the Life-World
Herbert Spiegelberg wrote in 1960 that “The most influential and suggestive idea that has come out of the study and edition of Husserl’s unpublished manuscripts thus far is that of the Lebenswelt.or world of lived experience.”2 Ten years later David Carr quoted the same statement with approval;3 and in the same year Aron Gurwitsch joined Husserl in calling a phenomenology of the life-world a scientific task of the first order of importance.4 I fully agree with these authors. Many phenomenologists today are convinced that the life-world notion is one of the most influential ideas of Husserl’s later philosophy. This influence has been enormous and evidence for this can be found in a number of different areas of theoretical concern. We find the influence of Husserl’s ideas about the life-world first of all in the realm of phenome-nological philosophy proper. Suffice it here just to mention a few names of phenomenologists in whose works the life-world idea has found a positive reception: H. Conrad-Martius, J. Patocka, R. Ingarden, E. Fink, L. Landgrebe, J.-P. Sartre, M. Merleau-Ponty, G. Berger, S. Breton, A. Gurwitsch, H. Spiegelberg, and A. Schutz.
KeywordsGeneral Ontology Natural Attitude Transcendental Phenomenology Transcendental Idealism Phenomenological Reduction
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