Classical Algol Systems (Invited Review)

  • Edwin Budding


Progress in the study of Algol-type binaries is looked at both in the light of more general efforts at compilation and categorization, and also some specific new and important observational results.

Results can be referred to the well known underlying model of the semi-detached configuration and Roche lobe overflow mechanism. Successes and limitations of this model will be considered.

Arising from such comparisons lines of future research are suggested. Some outstanding issues concern: (i) the evolutionary condition of the mass accreting component, (ii) instabilities and related effects in various regions of the flow, (iii) systematic outflow, (iv) the relationship of classical Algols to other evolved binaries.


Stellar Evolution Roche Lobe Monthly Notice Close Binary System Multiple Star 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abhyankar, K. D.: 1984, Astrophys. Space Sci. 99, 355.Google Scholar
  2. Awadalla, N. S. and Budding E.: 1982, in Z. Kopal and J. Rahe (eds.), Binary and Multiple Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 239.Google Scholar
  3. Bachmann, P. J. and Hershey, J. L.: Astron. J. 80, 836.Google Scholar
  4. Barr, J. M.: 1908, J. Roy. Astron. Soc. Canada 2, 70.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Bath, G. T.: 1969, Astrophys. J. 158, 571.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bath, G. T.: 1975, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 171, 311.ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Batten, A. H.: 1973, Binary and Multiple Systems of Stars, Pergamon Press, London.Google Scholar
  8. Batten, A. H.: 1981, in T. D. Kahn (ed.), Investigating the Universe, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 207.Google Scholar
  9. Benson, R. S.: 1970, Ph. D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  10. Biermann, P. and Hall, D. S.: 1973, Astron. Astrophys. 27, 249.ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Bolton, C. T. and Zubrod, D. J.: 1980, in M. J. Plavec, D. M. Popper, and R. K. Ulrich (eds.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, IAU Symp. 88, 225.Google Scholar
  12. Bonneau, D.: 1979, Astron. Astrophys. 80, L11.ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Brancewicz, H. K. and Dworak, T. Z.: 1980, Acta Astron. 30, 501.Google Scholar
  14. Budding, E.: 1981, in E. B. Carling and Z. Kopal (eds.), Photometric and Spectroscopic Binary Systems, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 207.Google Scholar
  15. Budding, E.: 1984a, Astrophys. Space Sci. 99, 299.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Budding, E.: 1984b, Preprint (to be published in Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific).Google Scholar
  17. Budding, E.: 1984c, Catalogue of Classical Evolved Algol-Type Binary Candidate Stars, Bull. Inform. Centre de Données Stellaires (Strasbourg) 27, 91.ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Cabot, W.: 1984. Astrophys. J. 277, 806.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Charles, P. A.: 1983, in P. B. Byrne and M. Rodono (eds.), ‘Activity in Red Dwarfs’, IAU Colloq. 71, 415.Google Scholar
  20. Chen, K. Y. and Reuning, E. G.: 1966, Astron. J. 71, 283.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chen, K. Y. and Wood, F. B.: 1975, Astrophys. J. 195, L73.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Chen, K. Y., Wood, F. B., and Barker, E. S.: 1981, Astron. J. 86, 258.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Crawford, J. A.: 1955, Astrophys. J. 121, 71.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Crawford, R. C.: 1979, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 91, 111.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cristaldi, S., Fracastoro, M. G., and Sobieski, S.: 1966, Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 37, 347.ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. Cugier, H.: 1979, Acta Astron. 29, 549.ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. De Loore, C.: 1984, Astrophys. Space Sci. 99, 199.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Eaton, J. A.: 1975, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 87, 745.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Etzel, P. B. and Meyer, D. M.: 1983, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 95, 891.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fekel, F., Lacy, C. H., and Tomkin, J.: 1980 in K. J. Plavec, D. M. Popper, and R. K. Ulrich (eds.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, IAU Symp. 88, 53.Google Scholar
  31. Fukue, J.: 1983, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan 35, 225.ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Giannone, P. and Giannuzzi, M. A.: 1970, Astron. Astrophys. 6, 309.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Gibson, D. M.: 1980, in M. J. Plavec, D. M. Popper, and R. K. Ulrich (eds.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, I AU Symp. 88, 31.Google Scholar
  34. Gibson, D. M., Viner, M. R., and Peterson, S. D.: 1975, Astrophys. J. 200, L143.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Giuricin, G. and Mardirossian, F.: 1981, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 46, 1.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Giuricin, G., Mardirossian, F., and Mezzetti, M.: 1983, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 52, 35.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Glushneva, I. N. and Esipov, V. F.: 1967, Soviet Astron. 11, 585.Google Scholar
  38. Guinan, E., McCook, G., Bachmann, P., and Bistline, W.: 1976, Astron. J. 81, 57.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Hack, M., Flora, U., and Santin, P.: 1980 in M. J. Plavec, D. M. Popper, and U. K. Ulrich (eds.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, IAU Symp. 88, 271.Google Scholar
  40. Hack, M., Sahade, J., de Jager, C., and Kondo, Y.: 1983, Astron. Astrophys... 126, 115.ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. Hack, M., Engin, S., and Yilmaz, N.: 1984, Astron. Astrophys. 131, 147.ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Hall, D. S.: 1967, Astron. J. 72, 301.ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. Hall, D. S.: 1974, Acta Astron. 24, 215.ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. Hall, D. S.: 1975a, Acta Astron. 25, 1.ADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  45. Hall, D. S.: 1975b, Acta Astron. 25, 95.ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. Hall, D. S.: 1976, in W. D. Fitch (ed.), ‘Multiple Periodic Phenomena in Variable Stars’, I AU Colloq. 29, 287.Google Scholar
  47. Hall, D. S.: 1981, in R. M. Bonnet and A. K. Dupree (eds.), Solar Phenomena in Stars and Stellar Systems, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 431.Google Scholar
  48. Hall, D. S. and Keel, W. G: 1977, Acta Astron. 27, 167.ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. Hall, D. S., Keel, W. C., and Neuhaus, G. H.: 1976, Acta Astron. 26, 239.ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. Hall, D. S. and Neff, S. G.: 1979, Acta Astron. 29, 641.ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. Hall, D. S. and Stuhlinger, T.: 1976, Acta Astron. 26, 109.ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. Hall, D. S. and Walter, K.: 1974, Astron. Astrophys. 37, 263.ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. Hall, D. S. and Walter, K.: 1975, Astron. Astrophys. 38, 225.ADSGoogle Scholar
  54. Hall, D. S. and Woolley, K. S.: 1973, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 85, 507.Google Scholar
  55. Harmanec, P.: 1970, Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech. 21, 113.ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. Harrington, R. S.: 1984, Astrophys. J. 277, L69.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Hidayat, B., Kopal, Z., and Rahe, J.: 1984, Astrophys. Space Sci. 99 (IAU Colloq) 80.Google Scholar
  58. Hjellming, R. M., Wade, C. M., and Webster, E.: 1972, Bull. Amer. Astron. Soc. 4, 384.Google Scholar
  59. Joy, A. H.: 1942, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 54, 35.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kaitchuck, R. H. and Honeycutt, R. K.: 1982, Publ. Astron Soc. Pacific 94, 532.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Kaitchuck, R. H. and Honeycutt, R. K.: 1983, preprint.Google Scholar
  62. Kemp, J. C., Barbour, M. S., McBirney, R. E., and Rudy, R. J.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 243, 557.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Kemp, J. F., Henson, G. D., Barbour, M. S., Kraus, D. J., and Collins, G. W.: 1983, Astrophys. J. 273, L85.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kippenhahn, R. and Weigert, A.: 1967, Z. Astrophys. 65, 251.ADSGoogle Scholar
  65. Kippenhahn, R., Kohl, K., and Weigert, A.: 1967, Z. Astrophys. 66, 58.ADSGoogle Scholar
  66. Koch, R. H., Olson, E. C, and Yoss, K. M.: 1965, Astrophys. J. 141, 955.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Kondo, Y., McCluskey, G. E., and Stencel, R. E.: 1979, Astrophys. J. 233, 906.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Kondo, Y., McCluskey, G. E., and Parsons, S. B.: 1984, Astrophys. Space Sci. 99, 281.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Kopal, Z.: 1955a, Mem. Roy. Soc. Liège 15 (4), 684.Google Scholar
  70. Kopal, Z.: 1955b, Ann. Astrophys. 18, 379.ADSGoogle Scholar
  71. Kopal, Z.: 1956, Ann. Astrophys. 19, 278.ADSGoogle Scholar
  72. Kopal, Z.: 1959, Close Binary Systems, Chapman and Hall, London and New York. Kopal, Z.: 1971, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 83, 521.Google Scholar
  73. Kopal, Z.: 1978, Dynamics of Close Binary Systems, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, Chapter VIII. Kopal, Z.: 1984, Astrophys. Space Sci. 99, 3.Google Scholar
  74. Kopal, Z. and Rahe, J.: 1982, in ‘Binary Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution’, IAU Colloq. 69. Kreiner, J. M. and Ziolkowski, J.: 1978, Acta Astron. 28, 497.Google Scholar
  75. Kreiner, J. M. and Tremko, J.: 1980, Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech. 31, 343.ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. Labeyrie, A., Bonneau, D., Stachnik, R. V., and Gezari, D. Y.: 1974, Astrophys. J. 194, L147.Google Scholar
  77. Lambert, D. L.: 1982 in Y. Kondo et al. (eds.), Advances in Ultraviolet Astronomy, NASA Conf. Publ. 2238, p. 114.Google Scholar
  78. Law, W. Y. and Ritter, H.: 1982, in Z. Kopal and J. Rahe (eds.), Binary and Multiple Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 447.Google Scholar
  79. Longmore, A. J. and Jameson, R. F.: 1975, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc 172, 235.Google Scholar
  80. Lubow, S. H. and Shu, F. H.: 1975, Astrophys. J. 198, 383.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Lynden-Bell, D. and Pringle, J. E.: 1974, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc 168, 603.ADSGoogle Scholar
  82. Matese, J. J. and Whitmire, D. P.: 1983, Astron. Astrophys. 117, L7.ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. McCluskey, G. E. and Kondo, Y.: 1983, Astrophys. J. 266, 755.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. McNamara, D. H. and Feltz, K. A., Jr.: 1976, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 88, 688.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Morton, D. C.: 1960, Astrophys. J. 132, 146.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Murad, I.M. and Budding, E.: 1984, Astrophys. Space Sci. 98, 163.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Nadeau, D., Neugebauer, G., Becklin, E. E., Elias, J., Ennis, D., Matthews, K., and Seligren, K.: 1978, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 184, 523.ADSGoogle Scholar
  88. Olson, E. G: 1976, Astrophys. J. 204, 141.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Olson, E, C.: 1980, Astrophys. J. 241, 257.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Olson, E. C.: 1982, Astrophys. J. 257, 198.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Olson, E. C.: 1983, Preprint presented at 1983 Cambridge (UK) Workshop on Interacting Binary Stars.Google Scholar
  92. Olson, E. C., Crawford, R. G, Hall, D. S., Louth, H., Markworth, N. L., and Piirola, V.: 1981, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 93, 464.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Packet, W.: 1980, in M. J. Plavec etal. (eds.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, IAU Symp. 88, 211.Google Scholar
  94. Paczyński, B.: 1965, Acta Astron. 15, 89.ADSGoogle Scholar
  95. Paczyński, B.: 1971, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 9, 183.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Paczyński, B. and Ziolkowski, J.: 1967, Acta Astron. 17, 7.ADSGoogle Scholar
  97. Peters, G. J. and Polidan, R. S.: 1984, Astrophys. J. 283, 745.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Piirola, V.: 1980, Astron. Astrophys. 90, 48.ADSGoogle Scholar
  99. Piirola, V.: 1981, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 44, 461.ADSGoogle Scholar
  100. Piotrowski, S. L. and Ziolkowski, J.: 1970, Astrophys. Space Sci. 8, 66.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Plavec, M. J.: 1973, in A. H. Batten (ed.), ‘Extended Atmospheres and Circumstellar Matter’, IAU Symp. 51, 216.Google Scholar
  102. Plavec, M. J.: 1980, in M. J. Plavec etal. (ed.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, IAU Symp. 88, 251.Google Scholar
  103. Plavec, M. J.: 1982, in Z. Kopal and J. Rahe (eds.), Binary and Multiple Stars as Tracers of Stellar Evolution, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 159.Google Scholar
  104. Plavec, M. J.: 1983a, UCLA preprint No. 157 (to be published in Astrophys. J.).Google Scholar
  105. Plavec, M. J.: 1983b, UCLA preprint No. 159 (to be published in J. Roy. Astron. Soc. Canada). Plavec, M. J.: 1983c, UCLA preprint No. 160.Google Scholar
  106. Plavec, M. J. and Dobiâs, J. J.: 1983, Astrophys. J. 272, 206.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Popov, M. V.: 1970, Perem. Zvezdy 17, 412.ADSGoogle Scholar
  108. Popper, D. M.: 1973, Astrophys. J. 185, 265.Google Scholar
  109. Popper, D. M.: 1980,Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 189, 125.Google Scholar
  110. Prendergast, K. H. and Taam, R. E.: 1974, Astrophys. J. 189, 125.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Pringle, J. E.: 1981, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 19, 137.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Radhakrishnan, K. R., Sarma, M. B. K., and Abhyankar, K. D.: 1983, Astrophys. Space Sci. 99, 229.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Refsdal, S. and Weigert, A.: 1969, Astron. Astrophys. 1, 167.ADSGoogle Scholar
  114. Refsdal, S. and Weigert, A.: 1970, Astron. Astrophys. 6, 426.ADSGoogle Scholar
  115. Refsdal, S. and Weigert, A.: 1971, Astron. Astrophys. 13, 367.ADSGoogle Scholar
  116. Refsdal, S., Roth, M. L., and Weigert, A.: 1974, Astron. Astrophys. 36, 113.ADSGoogle Scholar
  117. Rudy, R. U. and Kemp, J. C.: 1978, Astrophys. J. 221, 200.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Ryle, M. and Elsmore, B.: 1973, Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 164, 223.ADSGoogle Scholar
  119. Sahade, J.: 1980, Space Sci. Rev. 26, 349.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Sahade, J. and Wood, F. B.: 1978, Interacting Binary Stars, Pergamon Press, London. Savonije, G. J.: 1978, Astron. Astrophys. 62, 317.Google Scholar
  121. Schnopper, H. W., Delvaille, J. P., Epstein, A., Helmken, H., Murray, S. S., Clark, G., Jernigan, G., and Doxsey, R.: 1976, Astrophys. J. 210, L75.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Shu, F. H. and Lubow, S. H.: 1981, Ann. Rev. Astron Astrophys. 19, 277.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Smak, J.: 1972, Acta Astron. 22, 1.ADSGoogle Scholar
  124. Smyth, M. J., Dow, M. J., and Napier, W.D., Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc. 172, 235.Google Scholar
  125. Snow, T. P., Jr. and Morton, D. C.: 1976, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 32, 429.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Söderhjelm, S.: 1980, Astron. Astrophys. 89, 100.ADSGoogle Scholar
  127. Struve, O.: 1941, Astrophys. J. 93, 104.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Struve, O.: 1948, Ann. Astrophys. 11, 117.ADSGoogle Scholar
  129. Svechnikov, M. A.: 1969, Katolog Orbitalnyich Elementov,Mass i Svetimostei Tesnyich Dvoinyich Zvezd, Gorky Univ., Sverdlovsk. Thomas, H. C.: 1977, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 15, 127.Google Scholar
  130. Tomkin, J. and Lambert, D. L.: 1978, Astrophys. J. 222, LI 19.Google Scholar
  131. Trimble, V.: 1983, Nature 303, 137.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Tremko, J. and Kreiner, J. M.: 1981, Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech. 32, 242.ADSGoogle Scholar
  133. Tutukov A. V.: 1982, in D. Sugimoto et al. (ed.), ‘Fundamental Problems in the Theory of Stellar Evolution’, IAU Symp. 93, 137.Google Scholar
  134. Tutukov, A. V.: 1983, Preprint Univ. Illinois, IAP 83–25.Google Scholar
  135. Van Hamme, E. and Wilson, R. E.: 1984, Preprint (submitted to Astron. Astrophys.).Google Scholar
  136. Vilhu, O.: 1981, Astrophys. Space Sci. 78, 401.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Walter, K.: 1980, in M. J. Plavec et al. (ed.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, IAU Symp. 88, 305.Google Scholar
  138. Webbink, R. F.: 1977, Astrophys. J. 211, 486.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Webbink, R. F.: 1980, M. J. Plavec et al. (ed.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, IAU Symp. 88, 127.Google Scholar
  140. White, N. E., Becker, R. H., Holt, S. S., Muschlotzky, R. F., Boldt, E. A., and Serlemitsos, P. J.: 1979, Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 11, 782.ADSGoogle Scholar
  141. Wilson, R. E.: 1974, Astrophys. J. 189, 319. Wilson, R. E. and Caldwell, C. N.: 1978, Astrophys. J. 221, 917.Google Scholar
  142. Wilson, R. E. and Twigg, L. W.: 1980, in M. J. Plavec et al. (ed.), ‘Close Binary Stars’, IAU Symp. 88, 263.Google Scholar
  143. Wilson, R. E., Van Hamme, W., and Pettera, L.: 1984, Preprint (Univ. Florida). Wyse, A. B.: 1934, Lick Obsd. Bull. 17, 37.Google Scholar
  144. Yungelson, L. R.: 1972, Astron. Zh. 49, 1059.ADSGoogle Scholar
  145. Zeilik, M. Bayliss, L., and Heckert, P.: 1980, Inf. Bull. Var. Stars, No. 1790.Google Scholar
  146. Ziolkowski, J.: 1969, Astrophys. Space Sci. 3, 14.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Zioikowski, J.: 1970, Acta Astron. 20, 213.ADSGoogle Scholar
  148. Zirin, H. and Liggett, M. A.: 1982, Astrophys. J. 259, 719.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin Budding
    • 1
  1. 1.Carter ObservatoryWellingtonNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations