Advertisement

Stellar Chromospheres, Coronae, and Winds (Invited Review)

  • Theodore Simon

Abstract

Within the last few years there have been important advances in our understanding of the chromospheres, coronae, and winds of late-type stars. This progress has been the result of ultraviolet and X-ray observations obtained from space with the International Ultraviolet Explorer andEinstein satellites. In addition, ground-based astronomy has contributed much to synoptic studies of stellar activity. In this review I summarize some of the major recent developments in this field.

Keywords

Rossby Number Giant Star Luminosity Class Hybrid Star Echelle Spectrograph 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alschuler, W. R.: 1975, Astrophys. J. 195, 649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayres, T. R. and Linsky, J. L.: 1980, Astrophys. J, 241, 279.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ayres, T. R., Linsky, J. L., Vaiana, G. S., Golub, L., and Rosner, R.: 1981a, Astrophys. J. 250, 293.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ayres, T. R., Marstad, N. C., and Linsky, J. L.: 1981b, Astrophys. J. 247, 545.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ayres, T. R., Moos, H. W., and Linsky, J. L.: 1981c, Astrophys. J. 248, L137.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ayres, T. R., Simon, T., and Linsky, J. L.: 1982, Astrophys. J. 263, 791.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Baliunas, S. L.: 1984, in The Future of Ultraviolet Astronomy Based on Six Years of IUE Research, NASA conference publication, CP-2349, p. 64.Google Scholar
  8. Baliunas, S. L., Hartmann, L., and Dupree, A. K.: 1983, Astrophys. J. 271, 672.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Boesgaard, A. M. and Simon, T.: 1984, Astrophys. J. 277, 241.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Böhm-Vitense, E. and Dettmann, T.: 1980, Astrophys. J. 236, 560.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Böhm-Vitense, E. and Parsons, S. B.: 1983, Astrophys. J. 266, 171.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bonnet, R. M. and Dupree, A. K. (eds.): 1981, Solar Phenomena in Stars and Stellar Systems, Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Bonas, France, 25 August-5 September, 1980, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 591.Google Scholar
  13. Brown, A., Jordan, C., Stencel, R. E., Linsky, J. L., and Ayres, T. R.: 1984, Astrophys. J. 283, 731.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Caillault, J.-P. and Helfand, D. J.: 1985, Astrophys. J. 289, 279.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cook, J. W., Brueckner, G. E., and Van Hoosier, M. E.: 1980, Geophys. Res. 85, 2257.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Doschek, G. A. and Feldman, U.: 1977, Astrophys. J. 35, 471.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Drake, S. A., Brown, A., and Linsky, J. L.: 1984, Astrophys. J. 284, 774.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Eriksson, K., Linsky, J. L., and Simon, T.: 1983, Astrophys. J. 272, 665.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gahm, G. F.: 1980, Astrophys J. 242, L163.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gilman, P.: 1980, in D. Gray and J. Linsky (eds.), ‘Stellar Turbulence’, IUA Colloq. 52, 19.Google Scholar
  21. Gray, D. F.: 1982, Astrophys. J. 262, 682.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gray, D. F.: 1982, Astrophys. J. 281, 719.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Haisch, B. M., Linsky, J. L., Bornmann, P. L., Stencel, R. E., Antiochos, S. K., Golub, L., and Vaiana, G. S.: 1983, Astrophys. J. 267, 280.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Haisch, B. M. and Simon, T.: 1982, Astrophys. J. 263, 252.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hallam, K. L. and Wolff, C. L.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 248, L73.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hartmann, L. and MacGregor, K. B.: 1980, Astrophys. J. 242, 260.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hartmann, L., Dupree, A. K., and Raymond, J. C.: 1980, Astrophys. J. 236, L143.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hartmann, L., Dupree, A. K., and Raymond, J. C.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 246, 193.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kelch, W. L. and Linsky, J. L.: 1978, Solar Phys. 58, 37.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kraft, R. P.: 1966, Astrophys. J. 144, 1008.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lemaire, P. and Skumanich, A.: 1973, Astron. Astrophys. 22, 61.ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Linsky, J. L.: 1981, in R. Giacconi (ed.), X-Ray Astronomy with the Einstein Satellite, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 19.Google Scholar
  33. Linsky, J. L. and Haisch, B. M.: 1979, Astrophys. J. 229, L27.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Linsky, J. L. et al.: 1984, in The Future of Ultraviolet Astronomy Based on Six Years of IUE Research, NASA conference publication, CP-2349, p. 445.Google Scholar
  35. Lites, B.W. and Cook, J.W.: 1979, Astrophys. J. 228 598.Google Scholar
  36. Lites, B. W. and Skumanich, A.: 1982, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 49 293.Google Scholar
  37. Noyes, R. W., Hartmann, L. W., Baliunas, S. L., Duncan, D. K., and Vaughan, A. H.: 1984, Astrophys. J. 279, 763.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pallavicini, R.: 1985, in R. M. Hjellming and D. M. Gibson (eds.), Radio Stars, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 197.Google Scholar
  39. Pallavicini, R., Golub, L., Rosner, R., Vaiana, G. S., Ayres, T. R., and Linsky, J. L.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 248, 279.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Reeves, E. M.: 1976, Solar Phys. 46, 53.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Reimers, D.: 1977, Astron. Astrophys. 57, 395.ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Reimers, D.: 1982, Astron. Astrophys. 207, 292.ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. Schmidt, E. G. and Parsons, S.B.: 1982, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 48, 185.Google Scholar
  44. Simon, T.: 1984, Astrophys. J. 279, 738.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Simon, T.: 1985, in preparation.Google Scholar
  46. Simon, T., Cash, W., and Snow, T. P.: 1984a, Astrophys. J. 293, 542.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Simon, T., Herbig, G., and Boesgaard, A. M.: 1984b, Astrophys. J. 293, 551.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Simon, T., Kelch, W. L., and Linsky, J. L.: 1980, Astrophys. J. 237, 72.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Simon, T., Kelch, W. L., and Linsky, J. L.: 1980, Astrophys. J. 237, 72.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Simon, T., Linsky, J. L., and Stencel, R. E.: 1982, Astrophys. J. 257, 225.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Skumanich, A.: 1972, Astrophys. J. 171, 565. Stencel, R. E.: 1978, Astrophys. J. 223, L37.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Stencel, R. E.: 1978, Astrophys. J. 223, L37.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Stencel, R. E. and Mullan, D. J.: 1980, Astrophys. J. 238, 221.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Stern, R. A., Zolcinsky, M.-C, Antiochos, S. K., and Underwood, J. H.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 249, 647.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Underwood, J. H., Antiochos, S. K., Feldman, U., and Dere, K. P.: 1978, Astrophys. J. 224 1017.Google Scholar
  56. Vaiana, G. S. etal.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 244 163.Google Scholar
  57. Vaughan, A. H., Baliunas, S. L., Middelkoop, F., Hartmann, L., Mihalas, D., Noyes, R. W., and Preston, G. W.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 250, 276.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Walter, F. M. and Bowyer, S.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 245, 671.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Walter, F. M. and Kuhi, L. V.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 250, 254.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Walter, F. M., Linsky, J. L., Simon, T., Golub, L., and Vaiana, G. S.: 1984, Astrophys. J. 281, 815.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. White, O. R. and Livingston, W. C.: 1981, Astrophys. J. 249, 798.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Wilson, O. C.: 1963, Astrophys. J. 138, 832.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Wilson, O. C.: 1978, Astrophys. J. 226, 379.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore Simon
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for AstronomyUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

Personalised recommendations