Advertisement

Community metabolism on rocky-shore assemblages in a mesocosm: A. Fluctuations in production, respiration, chlorophyll a content and C:N ratios of grazed and non-grazed assemblages

  • A. Pedersen
Conference paper
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 41)

Abstract

During the last decade experimental ecosystems have been increasingly used in pollution research. As opposed to the traditional short-term laboratory experiments with one species exposed to a hazardous substance, the mesocosms approach opens the possibility of using complex ecosystems more similar to natural ones, hence improves realism compared to laboratory testing. These ecosystems can be easily manipulated to fit the desired pollution scenario, and effects can be analyzed on a wide range of species. So far, such experimental systems have mainly been applied to pelagic (Gamble et al., 1977; Grice et al., 1980; Davies et al., 1980) and soft-bottom benthic mesocosms (Bodeungen et al., 1976; Bakke et al., 1982; Kuiper et al., 1983; Oviatt et al., 1982).

Key words

seaweed benthic algae primary production respiration fouling assemblages C:N ratio chlorophyll a 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Atkinson, M. J. & S. V. Smith, 1983. C:N: P ratios of benthic plants. Limnol. Oceanogr. 28: 568–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bakke, T., 1984. Energy balance in Littorina littorea. In Bakke, T., (ed.), Long term Effects of Oil on Marine Benthic Communities in Enclosures. Prog. Rep. (Feb. 1984) 1578, NIVA, Oslo: 12.1–12.2.Google Scholar
  3. Bakke, T., 1986. Experimental long term oil pollution in a boreal rocky shore environment. In Proc. Ninth Annu. Arctic Mar. Oilspill Progr. Tech. Seminar, Beauregard Press, Ottawa: 167–178.Google Scholar
  4. Bakke, T., T. Dale & T. F. Thingstad, 1982. Structural and metabolic responses of a subtidal sediment community to water extracts of oil. Neth. J. Sea Res. 16: 524–537.Google Scholar
  5. von Bodungen, B., K. von Brockel, V. Smetacek & B. Zeitschel, 1976. The plankton tower, 1. A structure to study water/sediment interactions in enclosed water columns. Mar. Biol. 34: 369–372.Google Scholar
  6. Bokn, T., 1984. Effects of diesel oil on recolonization of benthic algae. Proc. int. Seaweed Symp. 11: 383 – 388.Google Scholar
  7. Carpenter, R. C., 1985. Relationships between primary production and irradiance in coral reef algal communities. Limnol. Oceanogr. 30: 784–793.Google Scholar
  8. Colijn, F. & V. N. de Jonge, 1984. Primary production of microphytobenthos in the Ems-Dollard Estuary. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 14: 185–196.Google Scholar
  9. Davies, J. M., I. E. Baird, L. C. Massie, S. J. Hay & A. P. Ward, 1980. Some effects of oil derived hydrocarbons on a pelagic food web from observations in an enclosed ecosystem and a consideration of their implications for monitoring. Rapp. P.- v. Reun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 179: 201–211.Google Scholar
  10. Falkowski, P. G., 1981. Light-shade adaptation and assimilation numbers. J. Plankton Res. 3: 201 – 206.Google Scholar
  11. Follum, O. A., 1984. A comparison between an artificial locality at Solbergstrand Fieldstation (Basin II) and a natural locality with respect to settlement and growth. A summary. In Bakke, T. (ed.), Long term effects of oil on marine benthic communities in enclosures. Prog. Rep. (Feb. 1984) 1578, NIVA, Oslo: 14.1–14. 36.Google Scholar
  12. Gamble, J. C., J. M. Davis & J. M. Steele, 1977. Loch Ewe bay experiment 1974. Bull. mar. Sci. 27: 146–174.Google Scholar
  13. Grice, D. G., R. P. Harris, M. R. Reeve, J. F. Heinbokel & C. O. Davis, 1980. Large-scale enclosed water column ecosystems. An overview of Foodweb I the final CEPEX experiment. J. mar. biol. Assoc. U.K. 60: 401–414.Google Scholar
  14. Huang, R. & A. D. Boney, 1984. Growth interactions between littoral diatoms and juvenile marine algae. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 81: 21–45.Google Scholar
  15. Jassby, A. D. & T. Piatt, 1976. Mathematical formulation of the relationship between photosynthesis and light for phytoplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr. 21: 540–547.Google Scholar
  16. Kuiper, J., H. Groenewoud, G. Hoornsman, P. de Wilde, E. Berghuis, A. Kok, W. Wolff & H. Schoonheden, 1983. A study of marine oil pollution in outdoor model ecosystems representing a tidal flat (opek) - final report. Report R 83/14, TNO, Delft.Google Scholar
  17. Littler, M. M. & D. S. Littler, 1980. The evolution of thallus form and survival strategies in benthic marine macroalgae: field and laboratory test of a functional form hypothesis. Am. Nat. 116: 25–44.Google Scholar
  18. Littler, M. M. & S. N. Murray, 1974. The primary productivity of marine macrophytes from a rocky intertidal community. Mar. Biol. 27: 131–135.Google Scholar
  19. Mann, K. H., A. R. O. Chapman & J. A. Gagné, 1980. Productivity of seaweeds: the potential and the reality. In P. G. Falkowski (ed.), Primary Productivity in the Sea. Plenum Press, New York: 363 – 379.Google Scholar
  20. Marker, A. F. H., E. A. Nusch, H. Rai & R. Riemann, 1980. The measurement of photosynthetic pigments in freshwaters and standardization of methods: conclusions and recommendations. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. 14: 91–106.Google Scholar
  21. Mills, D. K. & M. Wilkinson, 1986. Photosynthesis and light in estuarine benthic microalgae. Bot. mar. 29: 125 – 129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Oviatt, C., J. Frithsen, J. Gearing & P. Gearing, 1982. Low chronic additions of No. 2 fuel oil: chemical behaviour, biological impact and recovery in a simulated estuarine environment. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 9: 121–136.Google Scholar
  23. Parsons, T. R. & M. Takahashi, 1977. Biological Oceanographic Processes. Pergamon Press, 332 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Pearson, M. P., M. D. Burns & P. Spencer Davies, 1984. An underwater respirometer and programmable data logger for in situ energy budget studies. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 74: 231–239.Google Scholar
  25. Pedersen, A., 1983. Community metabolism. In T. Bakke (ed.), Long term effects of oil on marine benthic communities in enclosures. Progr. Rep. (Dec. 1982) 1465, NIVA, Oslo: 17 – 27.Google Scholar
  26. Pedersen, A., 1984. Community metabolism. In T. Bakke (ed.), Long term effects of oil on marine benthic communities in enclosures. Progr. Rep. (Feb. 1984) 1578, NIVA, Oslo: 7.1–7. 15.Google Scholar
  27. Porter, J. W., 1980. Primary productivity in the sea: reef corals in situ. In P. G. Falkowski (ed.), Primary Productivity in the Sea. Plenum Press, New York: 403 – 410.Google Scholar
  28. Porter, J. W., L. Muscatine, Z. Dubinsky & P. G. Falkowski, 1984. Primary production and photoadaptation in light and shade-adapted colonies of the symbiotic coral, Stylophorapistillata. Proc. r. Soc. Lond. 222: 161–180.Google Scholar
  29. Ryther, J. H., 1965. The measurement of primary production. Limnol. Oceanogr. 1: 72–84.Google Scholar
  30. Steneck, R. S. & L. Watling, 1982. Feeding capabilities and limitation of herbivorous molluscs: a functional group approach. Mar. Biol. 68: 299–319.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Pedersen
    • 1
  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)Oslo 3Norway

Personalised recommendations