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Endophytic algae of Irish moss (Chondrus crispus Stackh.)

  • J. Correa
  • R. Nielsen
  • D. W. Grund
  • J. McLachlan
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 41)

Abstract

The red alga Chondrus crispus Stackh., Irish moss, occurs in Europe from northern Norway south to North Africa. In the western Atlantic the range is from Labrador to New Jersey (MacFarlane, 1968), where C. crispus is a major component of littoral and sublittoral communities (Mathieson & Prince, 1973; Prince & Kingsbury, 1973) and has been harvested for its commercially important extractive, carrageenan (McLachlan, 1985). Considerable efforts have thus been made to understand the biology, enhance the resource and cultivate C. crispus (Mathieson & Prince, 1973; Prince & Kingsbury, 1973; Neish et al., 1977; Simpson et al., 1978; Simpson & Shacklock, 1979; Bidwell et al., 1985). Associations with other species, including epiphytes (Mathieson & Prince, 1973), have been studied in natural populations and culture systems (Prince & Kingsbury, 1973; Neish et al., 1977; Enright, 1978).

Key words

seaweed Chondrus crispus Irish moss endophytes grazing infection Atlantic flora 

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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Correa
    • 1
  • R. Nielsen
    • 2
  • D. W. Grund
    • 1
  • J. McLachlan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BiologyAcadia UniversityWolfvilleCanada
  2. 2.Havbiologisk Afd.Institut for SporeplanterFrederikshavnDenmark
  3. 3.Atlantic Research LaboratoryNational Research Council of CanadaHalifaxCanada

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