Advertisement

The Significance of Neonatal neurological Diagnosis

  • B. C. L. Touwen
Chapter
  • 106 Downloads
Part of the Topics in the Neurosciences book series (TNSC, volume 6)

Abstract

Obviously a neonatal neurological diagnosis is based on a neonatal neurological examination. This trivial remark turns out to be very interesting when we wonder what is meant with a “neonatal neurological examination”, or, rather: the neurological examination during infancy. A neurological examination during infancy is not similar to that of an older child or an adult, they are even hardly comparable. For the nervous system of a baby is strikingly different from that of the older child or the adult. The first difference is that the infant’s nervous system is in another phase of development, characterized by a relatively low degree of differentiation. Secondly, it develops rapidly, whereas the adult’s brain is both more differentiated and more stabilized. As for its functioning, the infant’s brain serves other purposes than that of older children or adults: An infant is not a miniature child or adult, but a qualitatively different person. This means that the assessment of the neonate’s neurological condition must be age-specific: the age-specific properties of the newborn’s nervous system have to be taken into account.

Keywords

Cerebral Palsy Spina Bifida Behavioural State Plexus Syndrome Cranial Nerve Palsy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Hadders-Algra, M., Touwen, B.C.L., Olinga, A.A., Huisjes, H.J., Minor neurological dysfunction and behavioural development. A report from the Groningen Perinatal Project. Early Hum. Develop., 11, 221–229, 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huisjes, H.J., Touwen, B.C.L., Hoekstra, J., Van Woerden-Blanksma, J.T., Bierman-Van Eendenburg, M.E.C., Jurgens-Van der Zee, A.D., Fidler, V.J., Olinga, A.A., Obstetrical-neonatal neurological relationship. A replication study. Europ. J.Obstet. Gynec.reprod. Biol., 10, 247–256, 1980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jurgens-Van der Zee, A.D., Bierman-Van Eendenburg, M.E.C., Fidler, V.J., Olinga, A.A., Visch, J.H., Touwen, B.C.L., Huisjes, H.J., Preterm birth, growth retardation and acidemia in relation to neurological abnormality of the newborn. Early Hum. Develop., 3, 141–154, 1979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prechtl, H.F.R., Strategy and validity of early detection of neurological dysfunction. In: C.P. Douglas, K.S. Holt (eds.). Mental Retardation, Prenatal Diagnosis and Infant Assessment. Butterworths, London, 41–46, 1972Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Prechtl, H.F.R., The Neurological Examination of the Fullterm Newborn Infant. Second revised and enlarged edition. Heinemann, London, Clinics in Developmental Medicine, no. 63, 65 pp, 1977Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Prechtl, H.F.R., Stemmer, C., The choreiform syndrome in children. Dev. Med. Child Neurol., 4, 199–227, 1962Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Touwen, B.C.L., Neurological Development in Infancy. Heinemann, London, Clinics in Developmental Medicine, no. 58, 150 pp, 1976Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Touwen, B.C.L., Early detection of developmental neurological disorders. In: J. H. P. Jonxis (ed.). Growth and Development of the Full-term and Premature Infant. The Jonxis Lectures, vol. 1. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, 244–261, 1978.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Touwen, B.C.L., Pre-eclampsia and neonatal neurological morbidity. In: H. Janisch and E. Reinold (eds.). Dilemmas in Gestosis - Controversies in Etiology, Pathology, Therapy. Thieme Verlag, 210 - 213, 1983.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Touwen, B.C.L., Prävention von Behinderungen aus der Sicht des Entwicklungsneurologen. Frühforderung interdisziplinär 4, 97–105, 1985.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Touwen, B.C.L., Huisjes, H.J., Obstetrics, neonatal neurology and later outcome. In: C.R. Almli, S. Finger (Eds.), Early Brain Damage, Vol. 1, Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, 169–187, 1984.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Touwen, B.C.L., Huisjes, H.J., Acidaemia and its neurological effects. In: Clinck, J., Matthews, T. (Eds.): Perinatal Medecine Lancaster, MTP, 99–103, 1985.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Touwen, B.C.L., Huisjes, H.J., Jurgens-Van der Zee, A.D., Bierman-Van Eendenburg, M.E.C., Smrkovsky, M., Olinga, A.A., Obstetrical condition and neonatal neurological morbidity. An analysis with the help of the optimality concept. Early Hum. Dev., 4, 207–228, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Touwen, B.C.L., Lok-Meijer, T.Y., Huisjes, H.J., Olinga, A.A., The recovery rate of neurologically deviant newborns. Early Hum. Dev., 7, 131–148, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. C. L. Touwen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations