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Cerebral palsy (CP) is a term used for a group of chronic neurological conditions seen in children and characterised by impaired motor function with paresis, incoordination or involuntary movement. The classifications are based on clinical findings and not on etiology. Hemiplegia, diplegia or tetraplegia have been observed in 50–60% of the CP syndromes, dyskinetic features (mainly dystonic or athetotic) in 25–30% and ataxia in 10–15% of the patients. Some 30% of the CP children have mental retardation. Most affected children will show improved motor performance with increasing age but as will be mentioned in different chapters of this book, much depends on an early diagnosis, proper management, parenting behaviour and a good interaction between the patient, parents and professional workers.
KeywordsCerebral Palsy Handicapped Child Language Disorder Single Gene Mutation Amniotic Fluid Cell
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