The biological diversity and productivity of Philippine coral reefs arc threatened by siltation, destructive Fishing methods, coral and shell collecting and overfishing. Destructive fishing includes: the widespread, illegal use of explosives; poisons such as sodium cyanide; muro-ami and kayakas fishing; and trawling. The recent decline in catch rates threatens the livelihood of 700000 near-shore subsistence fishermen who catch 55% of the total landings. The new government under Corazon Aquino wishes to protect the marine environment through the creation of a viable marine conservation management plan, enforcement of existing laws and through cooperation between government, non-government and international agencies to provide education and research. The Department of Agriculture, which has the authority for fisheries, has designated the International Marinelife Alliance as the lead non-government agency involved with fund raising, net-training and finding alternatives to destructive fishing methods.
This essay addresses the societal relationships of village fishery to government, aid organizations, and science. Vadim Vladykov always mainained close relationship with fishermen and devoted over a year of his life to helping develop fisheries in Iran.
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© 1988 Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht
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Rubec, P.J. (1988). The need for conservation and management of Philippine coral reefs. In: McAllister, D.E., Kott, E. (eds) On lampreys and fishes. Developments in environmental biology of fishes, vol 8. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3115-2_13
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