The need for conservation and management of Philippine coral reefs

  • Peter J. Rubec
Part of the Developments in environmental biology of fishes book series (DEBF, volume 8)


The biological diversity and productivity of Philippine coral reefs arc threatened by siltation, destructive Fishing methods, coral and shell collecting and overfishing. Destructive fishing includes: the widespread, illegal use of explosives; poisons such as sodium cyanide; muro-ami and kayakas fishing; and trawling. The recent decline in catch rates threatens the livelihood of 700000 near-shore subsistence fishermen who catch 55% of the total landings. The new government under Corazon Aquino wishes to protect the marine environment through the creation of a viable marine conservation management plan, enforcement of existing laws and through cooperation between government, non-government and international agencies to provide education and research. The Department of Agriculture, which has the authority for fisheries, has designated the International Marinelife Alliance as the lead non-government agency involved with fund raising, net-training and finding alternatives to destructive fishing methods.

Key words

Cyanide Diversity Development Ecology Environment Fisheries Pollution 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. Rubec
    • 1
  1. 1.International Marinelife Alliance CanadaSainte-FlavieCanada

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