The aim of the present chapter is to compare Hegel’s opinion on the division of labour with the views of his Scottish predecessors. Following Hegel’s own definition,

Division of labour means that a concrete product is not to its full extent created by one individual, [but] that the individual continues to produce one and the same part of it. (VRP, Vol. I, p. 314)

‘division of labour’ is here understood as specialization within the professions; ‘social’ division of labour, implying the emergence of social classes, the differing economic functions of which have to be mediated by a market economy, has already been discussed (chapter four, section D).


Fire Engine National Spirit Lena Manuscript Ordinary Employment Modern Political Economy 
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  1. 1.
    In: DHE, pp. 48–51. There is an English translation of this essay by H.S. Harris, in: Clio, Vol. VII.3, pp. 403–407.Google Scholar
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  3. 3.
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  4. 4.
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  6. 6.
    That picture could of course be changed by the finding of more manuscripts. Material from the Frankfurt period should, in this context, be of special significance, as recent studies have shown that some figures of the Hegel-Hölderlin circle there did indeed discuss aesthetic questions in connection with economics; cp.: Chr. Jamme and Otto Pöggeler (Eds.), Homburg vor der Höhe in der deutschen Geistesgeschichte. Studien zum Freundeskreis um Hegel und Hölderlin (Stuttgart, 1981).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
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    A systematic exposition of Hegel’s views on poverty is an important gap in recent Hegel-scholarship. In this context, I have recently tried to clarify Hegel’s allusion to Scottish beggars (TMK, § 245, p. 150): “Hegels Schottische Bettler”, HS, Vol. 19 (1984) pp. 311–316.Google Scholar
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    Although Dugald Stewart, the eclectic second generation representative of the Scottish Enlightenment, developed a similar notion independently, which shows that Hegel’s conclusion was in the air at the time; cp.: DSt, Vol. VIII, pp. 330 f.Google Scholar
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    For a proper reply to some of these charges, see: Walter Kaufmann, “The Hegel Myth and its Method”, in: Walter Kaufmann (Ed.), Hegel’s Political Philosophy (New York, 1970) pp. 137–171, here pp. 165 ff; cp. my article “Fox und Pitt.”Google Scholar
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    Spannungsfeld britischer Politik im Spiegel des “Hegeischen Denkens”, Hans-Christian Lucas und Otto Pöggeler (Eds.), Hegels Rechtsphilosophie im Zusammenhang der europäischen Verfassungsgeschichte (Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, 1986) pp. 111–128.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norbert Waszek
    • 1
  1. 1.Hegel-Archiv der Ruhr UniversitätBochumGermany

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