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In chapter one, we defined mandated science as that which is used for the purposes of making policy. In this definition, we included original research, both that commissioned for the express purpose of regulatory decision making and the academic studies relied upon by policy makers. We included the evaluations of expert committees and inquiries, and the formal adjudication of science-related issues by regulatory agencies and tribunals. Finally, we included studies commissioned by expert committees, government departments or regulatory agencies to further their aims. The defining characteristic of mandated science was that it was either produced and/or interpreted for the purposes of public policy. Our contention was that the mandate to produce scientific conclusions to support policy decisions had a significant impact upon the conduct of scientific activity, and the interpretation of scientific information.
KeywordsStandard Setting Expert Committee Chemical Hazard Legal Norm Advocate Group
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