Cultural Contents in the History of the Use of Human Subjects in Research

  • Robert U. Massey
Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 28)


What if, at some future date, we were to come across an account of this congress on ‘The Use of Human Beings in Research,’ and discovered that it had been held in Joppa in 1882? We should believe almost surely that we had been made the victims of some historical prank; it would be as though we had found a manuscript of a musical composition identical to Beethoven’s String Quartet in B flat major with a date of 1725 rather than 1825, and, more than that, had found that the composer had lived in Jerusalem rather than in Vienna. Scientific, philosophical, legal, and religious works belong to particular times and places, are part of a Gesamtkultur; we have a feeling about where they fit, in whose company, in which decade, in what place. Science, art, literature, religion, and politics, which make up the parts of an entire culture, are recognizably members of the same household.


Academic Medical Center Clinical Science Ethical Sensitivity Cultural Content Musical Composition 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert U. Massey
    • 1
  1. 1.School of MedicineUniversity of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA

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