Types of Ethical Theory
The doctrine we have sketched in the previous chapters is of course only one among a large family of ethical theories — or rather more or less articulated doctrines. This family can be partitioned and subdivided in different ways, according to the viewpoint or principium divisionis one chooses. Every splitting divides the given family in an exhaustive manner into mutually exclusive classes, such as naturalism, consequentialism, and cognitivism, as well as their contradictories. For example, Hume’s moral theory is naturalistic (or humanistic), consequentialist (in particular proto-utilitarian), and non-cognitivist (for being emotivist).
KeywordsEthical Theory Moral Norm Moral Rule Moral Code Rational Egoism
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