Roots of Morals
When an animal values something it normally tries to get it, sometimes at the risk of its life. But other animals are likely to stand in its way, either because they occupy the same ecological niche — hence have the same needs — or because they are predators. Whenever this is the case there is either struggle (competition or predation) or cooperation. For example, male wolfs compete for females but cooperate in the hunt — and they do not kill conspecifics.
KeywordsSocial Behavior Moral Reasoning Moral Agent Moral Norm Moral Duty
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.