Roots of Morals

  • Mario Bunge
Part of the Treatise on Basic Philosophy book series (TOBP, volume 8)


When an animal values something it normally tries to get it, sometimes at the risk of its life. But other animals are likely to stand in its way, either because they occupy the same ecological niche — hence have the same needs — or because they are predators. Whenever this is the case there is either struggle (competition or predation) or cooperation. For example, male wolfs compete for females but cooperate in the hunt — and they do not kill conspecifics.


Social Behavior Moral Reasoning Moral Agent Moral Norm Moral Duty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Bunge

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations