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Crop Rotation and the Occurrence of Fungal Diseases in Potatoes

  • V. R. Umaerus
  • K. Scholte
  • L. J. Turkensteen
Part of the Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences book series (DPSS, volume 40)

Abstract

An overview of soil-borne fungal potato diseases with importance to European potato production and a description of symptoms are given. The way these pathogens interact with the host and with potato growing in general and the effect of climate in this context is elucidated. Soil-borne pathogens are subdivided in soil-invaders, which as a rule are not persistent to such an extent that they maintain treshold levels for economic damage in the absence of their host crop, and soil-inhabitants which are capable to maintain such levels during prolonged periods of absence of the host. The importance of the role of soil-borne inoculum is discussed in relation to other sources such as tuber-borne and wind-borne inoculum. The effects of type and duration of rotation, host range, the frequency of other host crops and host weeds, and intervals between host and non-host crops on build-up and reduction of the inoculum potential, and the impact of the infection potential on yield and quality is considered. The conclusion is that there is a field for research for adequate quantitative and mathematical analyses of the build-up and decline of inoculum of soil-borne fungal pathogens.

Keywords

fungi Phoma exigua var. foveata potato Rhizoctonia solani rotation Solanum tuberosum Spongospora subterranea Streptomyces scabies Verticillium albo-atrum V. dahliae 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. R. Umaerus
    • 1
  • K. Scholte
    • 2
  • L. J. Turkensteen
    • 3
  1. 1.Swedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Department of Field Crops and Grassland ScienceWageningen Agricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Research Institute for Plant ProtectionWageningenThe Netherlands

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