Advertisement

Nyíri on the Conservatism of Wittgenstein’s Later Philosophy

  • Allan Janik
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book series (BSPS, volume 114)

Abstract

In his keynote address to the 2nd International Wittgenstein Symposium at Kirchberg am Wechsel in Lower Austria in 1977 G. H. von Wright announced the publication of Wittgenstein’s pensées on philosophy, culture and society from Wittgenstein’s Nachlass and argued that the publication of the Vermischte Bemerkungen pressed the question of the relationship between Wittgenstein’s personal beliefs and his philosophical positions upon us more poignantly than even before.1 Wittgenstein’s enthusiastic endorsement of Oswald Spengler’s Kulturpessimismus more than anything else made it imperative in Professor Wright’s view that we determine whether the connection between Wittgenstein’s personal and philosophical beliefs is merely historical and psychological, or logically and conceptually linked. I have long believed that there is unity between Wittgenstein’s life and his thought. Indeed, I have made this view the cornerstone of my researches into Wittgenstein’s intellectual and moral heritage. However, I have refrained from articulating the precise nature of this link for two reasons: on account of the paucity of reliable information about his life, on the one hand, and the remarkably difficult problem of establishing such logico-conceptual links between personal beliefs and philosophical positions, on the other.

Keywords

Family Resemblance Philosophical Position Philosophical Investigation Conservative Politics Weimar Republic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    G. H. von Wright, “Wittgenstein in Relation to His Times”, Wittgenstein and His Times, ed. B. F. McGuinness (Chicago, 1982), pp. 108–20.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. C. Nyíri, “Wittgenstein’s Later Work in Relation to Conservatism”, Wittgenstein and His Times, p. 57.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ibid. p. 44.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ibid. pp. 45–6Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alasdair MacIntyre, A Short History of Ethics (New York, 1968), p. 227.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class (Harmondsworth, 1968), p. 603 et passim. Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sigmund Neumann, “Forward”, Klemens von Klemperer, Germany’s New Conservatism (Princeton, N.J. 1957), XII.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Clinton Rossiter, “Conservatism”, International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. III, 290.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. B. Gallie, “Essentially Contested Concepts”, The Importance of Language, ed. Max Black (Engelwood Cliffs, 1962), pp. 121–46.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Klemens von Klemperer, “Conservatism”, Marxism, Communism, and Western Society, Vol. II, 1967.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Klemperer, Germany’s New Conservatism, p. 5.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nyíri, op. cit., p. 46Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nyíri, loc. cit.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Crane Brinton, Nietzsche (Cambridge, Ma., 1941).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Walter Kaufmann, Nietzsche (Princeton, N.J., 1950).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. P. Stern, Hitler: The Führer and the People (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1975), pp. 44–9 et passim. Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    William McGrath, Dionysian Art and Populist Politics in Austria (New Haven, 1971).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Paul Feyerabend, Against Method: Outline of an Anarchist Theory of Knowlede (London, 1978).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein, Vermischte Bemerkungen, ed. G. H. von Wright (Frankfurt am Main, 1977), p. 20.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein, Vermischte Bemerkungen, ed. G. H. von Wright (Frankfurt am Main, 1977), p. 20 Wittgenstein, ibid. 14Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wittgenstein, Letters to Paul Engelmann with a Memoir, ed. B. F. McGuinness, trans. L. Furtmüller (Oxford, 1967), p. 4.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wittgenstein, Briefe an Ludwig Von Ficker, ed. G. H. von Wright (Salzburg 1969), pp. 32–8.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rush Rhees, “Some Developments of Wittgenstein’s View of Ethics”, Philosophical Review 74 (1965), 22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Maurice Drury, The Danger of Words (London, 1973), IX.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    K. T. Fann, Wittgenstein’s Conception of Philosophy (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1969), p. 42.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Klemperer, Ignaz Seipel: Christian Statesman in a Time of Crisis (Princeton, N.J. 1972) pp. 209–10 et passim.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Stefan Zweig, The World of Yesterday, trans. anon. (New York, 1943), p. viii.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nyíri, op. cit. p. 49Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wittgenstein, Letters to Russell, Keynes and Moore, ed. G. H. von Wright (Ithaca, N.Y. 1974), p. 47.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wittgenstein, Lectures and Conversations on Ethics Psychology and Religious Belief, ed. Cyril Barrett (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1967), p. 10.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, trans. G. E. M. Anscombe (Oxford, 1967), Part I, par. 219.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hanna Pitkin, Wittgenstein and Justice (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1972), pp. 338–39.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Nyíri, op. cit., pp. 60–1Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    op. cit. p. 42Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Basil Bernstein, Theoretical Studies Towards a Sociology of Language (3 vols.: London, 1970);Google Scholar
  36. 35a.
    Malcolm Crick, Explorations in Language and Meaning (London, 1976).Google Scholar
  37. 36.
    Karl Marx, “The Eighteenth Brumaire of Lous Bonaparte”, The Marx-Engels Reader, ed. Robert C. Tucker (New York, 1978), p. 595.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allan Janik
    • 1
  1. 1.Brenner ArchiveInnsbruck UniversityAustria

Personalised recommendations