Institutional Arrangements

  • David C. Major
  • Harry E. Schwarz
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 7)


The water and related land resources planning study described in this book took place at a time of changing methods for water planning and within the context of a U.S. Water Resources Council planning authority that allowed more latitude than traditional agency planning procedures. This context provided freedom for the development of the institutional as well as the modeling aspects of planning; these institutional aspects are described here. The chapter includes a description of the institutional structure used for planning; a detailed presentation of the three stage planning process within which the development of the recommended plan took place; a discussion of the principal institutional methods used in the NAR study; a brief reference to traditional planning methods used in the study; and perspectives on the methods.


Planning Process Institutional Arrangement Chief Executive Officer Demand Model Plan Formulation 
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  1. Cederstrom, D. J., “Cost Analysis of Ground-Water Supplies in the North Atlantic Region, 1970,” U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Supply Paper 2034, 1973.Google Scholar
  2. Major, David C., “Impact of Systems Techniques on the Planning Process,” Water Resources Research 8:3, June, 1972, 766–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Major, David C., Multiobjective Water Resource Planning, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Schwarz, Harry E., and David C. Major, “An Experience in Planning: The Systems Approach,” Water Spectrum 3:3, Fall, 1971, 29–34.Google Scholar
  5. Schwarz Harry E., David C. Major and John E. Frost Jr., “The North Atlantic Regional Water Resources Study,” in J. Ernest Flack, ed., Proceedings of the Conference on Interdisciplinary Analysis of Water Resources Systems, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, 1975, 245–271.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • David C. Major
    • 1
  • Harry E. Schwarz
    • 2
  1. 1.Bureau of Water Supply and Wastewater CollectionNew York City Department of Environmental ProtectionUSA
  2. 2.Clark UniversityWorcesterUSA

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