The function of a pacemaker is to provide a cardiac rhythm that maintains a cardiac output adequate for normal activity, and in extreme situations, an output compatible with life. As such, a pacemaker may be required for maintenance of a normal cardiac output in patients with chronic or repetitive disorders of cardiac rhythm that cause a lethally low cardiac output. These disorders may be either temporary or permanent.


Cardiac Output Pacemaker Implantation Cell Membrane Potential Sick Sinus Syndrome Pacemaker Insertion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    Chung, D.C.,(1983). Anaesthetic problems associated with the treatment of cardiovascular disease: III. Artificial pacemakers. CANADIAN ANAESTHETISTS’ SOCIETY JOURNAL, 30, suppl. 3, s1–s4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Zaidan, J.R.,(1984). Pacemakers. ANESTHESIOLOGY, 60,319–334.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Woerlee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnaesthesiaUniversity Hospital of LeidenThe Netherlands

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