Aortic stenosis represents a condition in which flow of blood out of the left ventricle into the aorta is limited by the flow resistance presented by a narrowed aortic valve. This limits any increase of cardiac output in patients with more severe degrees of aortic stenosis, and so the cardiac output is said to be “fixed” in these patients. In more severe degrees of stenosis the cardiac output is reduced below normal levels even at rest [see chapter 3.1 for clinical manifestations of reduced cardiac output].


Cardiac Output Arterial Blood Pressure Angina Pectoris Aortic Stenosis NYHA Class 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Johnson,L.L., et al.(1978). Reduced left ventricular myocardial blood flow per unit mass in aortic stenosis. CIRCULATION, 57, 582–590.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carabello,B. A., et al.(1980). Hemodynamic determinants of prognosis of aortic valve replacement in critical aortic stenosis and advanced congestive heart failure. CIRCULATION, 62, 42–48.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rapaport,E.(1975). Natural history of aortic and mitral valve disease. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 35, 221–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Greenberg,B.H., Massie,B.M.(1980). Beneficial effects of afterload reduction therapy in patients with congestive heart failure and moderate aortic stenosis. CIRCULATION, 61, 1212–1216.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Awan,N.A., et al.(1977). Vasodilator therapy in valvular aortic stenosis: Improved cardiac performance, reduced left ventricular pressure overload and preservation of coronary blood flow. CIRCULATION, 56, Supp. III, 38.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Grose,R., et al.(1979). Mechanism of nitroglycerin effect in valvular aortic stenosis. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 44, 1371–1377.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Linhart,J.W.(1972). Hemodynamic consequences of pacing induced changes in heart rate in aortic stenosis. CIRCULATION, 45, 300–309.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Perloff,J.K., et al.(1967). The use of angiotensin in the assessment of left ventricular function in fixed orifice aortic stenosis. CIRCULATION, 35, 347–357.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bay,J., et al.,(1968), Factors influencing arterial PO2 recovery from anaesthesia. BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA, 40, 398–407.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Woerlee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnaesthesiaUniversity Hospital of LeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations