Disorders of the Cardiac Valves and Shunting

  • G. M. Woerlee
Part of the Developments in Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology book series (DCCA, volume 18)


The anaesthetist should be aware of the presence of any form of cardiac valvular or congenital heart disease. Induction and maintenance of anaesthesia in such patients can be fraught with hazards, which if not anticipated and prepared for, may result in serious complications.


Congenital Heart Disease Aortic Regurgitation Valvular Heart Disease Rheumatic Fever NYHA Class 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Rapaport,E.,(1975). Natural history of aortic and mitral valve disease. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 35, 221–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Woerlee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnaesthesiaUniversity Hospital of LeidenThe Netherlands

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