A historical outline of Greek ophthalmology from the Hellenistic period up to the establishment of the first universities

  • John Lascaratos
  • Spiros Marketos
Part of the Academiae Ophthalmologicae Internationalis book series (ACOI, volume 1)


The writers examine the course of Greek ophthalmology from the Hellenistic period to the foundation of the first universities (19th century). In particular, the study refers to Galen, Antyllus, the Byzantine doctors Oribasius, Aetius of Ameda, Paul of Aegina, Alexander of Tralles, Nonnus Theophanes, Theophilus Protospatharius, Michael Psellos, Meletius Monachus, Nemesius bishop of Emeses and John Actuarius. The practice of empirical ophthalmology during the Ottoman domination of Greece is also examined, as is the earliest available evidence of modern Greek ophthalmological knowledge, deriving from the Ionian Islands.


Historical Archive Ophthalmic Disease Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Ionian Island Hellenistic Period 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Lascaratos
    • 1
  • Spiros Marketos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of History of MedicineNational University of AthensAthensGreece

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