The C-S-R model of primary plant strategies — origins, implications and tests

  • J. Philip Grime


In both evolutionary biology and in ecology much effort has been devoted to the search for generalizing principles. One approach has been to seek to develop a universal functional classification of organisms. On first inspection this may seem an impossible task because there are obvious differences between autotrophs, herbivores, carnivores and decomposers, and each of these groups is itself represented by an immense variety of taxa, life-forms and physiologies. However, there is now a considerable amount of evidence suggesting that beneath this diversity there is a common pattern of evolutionary and ecological specialization which is highly relevant to our understanding of the structure and dynamics of communities and ecosystems.


Stress Tolerator Mineral Nutrient Herbaceous Vegetation Serpentine Soil Resource Capture 
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  • J. Philip Grime

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