The term alkylation has generally been used to describe the catalyzed reaction between isobutane and various light olefins. The product is a highly branched paraffinic hydrocarbon used as a blend to improve the octane number of gasoline. A more specific explanation of the term alkylation is the attachment of one or more alkyl groups to a hydrocarbon compound or to a hydrocarbon derivative. This may take place by an electrophilic attack of a carbonium ion species (whether formal or ion-pair) or by a micleophlic attack of a carbanion or carbanion-like species.
KeywordsLinear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate Lewis Acid Site Alkyl Halide Octane Number Light Olefin
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Dyer, F.: Catalysis of Organic Reactions (Edited by William Moser), (Mobil/Badger Ethylbenzene Process), Marcell and Dekker Inc., 1984Google Scholar
- March J.: Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms and Structure, McGraw-Hill Book Co., N.Y., 1968Google Scholar
- Matar, S. and Muse, M.: ’Effect of Cation Exchange on Y-Zeolite Activity in Toluene Alkylation with Methanol’, Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering 12(1), 1986Google Scholar
- Yashima, T., Sakaguchi, Y., and Namba, S.: "Selective Formation of p-Xylene by Alkylation of Toluene with Methanol on ZSM-5 Type Zeolites’ presented at the International Congress of Catalysis, Tokyo, 1980Google Scholar
- Gates, B., Katzer, J., and Schuit, G. Chemistry of Catalytic ProcessesMcGraw-Hill Book Co., N.Y., 1979Google Scholar
- Venuto, P., Hamilton, L., Landis, P., and Wise, J.: Journal of Catalysis (5) 1966Google Scholar
- Olah, G Friedel-Crafts and Related Reactions Interscience Publishers, 11(1), 1964, p. 3Google Scholar
- Frank, B et al ’Reforming for BTX’ SRI Report # 129, May 1980Google Scholar
- Kaeding, W., Chu, C., Young, L., Weinstein, B., and Butter, S Journal of Catalysis(67) 1981Google Scholar
- Vora, B., Pujado, P., and Spinner, J.: ’Latest LAB Developments’Hydrocarbon Processing 63, 1984, p. 11Google Scholar