β-Carotene (Provitamin A) Production with Algae

  • L. J. Borowitzka
  • M. A. Borowitzka
Part of the Elsevier Applied Biotechnology Series book series (APBISE)


Dunaliella is a unicellular, biflagellate, naked green alga (Chlorophyceae, Dunaliellales), and the type species of this genus, Dunaliella salina (Dunal) Teodoresco is often found in natural hypersaline waters where it colours the brines red (Teodoresco, 1905). This algal species was first recognised as containing high intracellular concentrations of β-carotene by Mil’ko (1963) and Aasen et al (1969). Initial research on the potential of using this alga as a commercial source of β-carotene began in the Ukraine in the 1960s (cf. Massyuk, 1966; Massyuk & Abdula, 1969) and it was later also proposed as a commercial source of glycerol (Ben-Amotz, 1980; Chen & Chi, 1981; Ben-Amotz & Avron, 1982).


Dunaliella Salina High Intracellular Concentration Tubular Photobioreactors Algal Biotechnology Salina Culture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. J. Borowitzka
    • 1
  • M. A. Borowitzka
    • 2
  1. 1.Western Biotechnology LtdBayswaterAustralia
  2. 2.Algal Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Biological and Environmental SciencesMurdoch UniversityMurdochAustralia

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